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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-05-15
    Description: Vesta's surface is characterized by abundant impact craters, some with preserved ejecta blankets, large troughs extending around the equatorial region, enigmatic dark material, and widespread mass wasting, but as yet an absence of volcanic features. Abundant steep slopes indicate that impact-generated surface regolith is underlain by bedrock. Dawn observations confirm the large impact basin (Rheasilvia) at Vesta's south pole and reveal evidence for an earlier, underlying large basin (Veneneia). Vesta's geology displays morphological features characteristic of the Moon and terrestrial planets as well as those of other asteroids, underscoring Vesta's unique role as a transitional solar system body.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jaumann, R -- Williams, D A -- Buczkowski, D L -- Yingst, R A -- Preusker, F -- Hiesinger, H -- Schmedemann, N -- Kneissl, T -- Vincent, J B -- Blewett, D T -- Buratti, B J -- Carsenty, U -- Denevi, B W -- De Sanctis, M C -- Garry, W B -- Keller, H U -- Kersten, E -- Krohn, K -- Li, J-Y -- Marchi, S -- Matz, K D -- McCord, T B -- McSween, H Y -- Mest, S C -- Mittlefehldt, D W -- Mottola, S -- Nathues, A -- Neukum, G -- O'Brien, D P -- Pieters, C M -- Prettyman, T H -- Raymond, C A -- Roatsch, T -- Russell, C T -- Schenk, P -- Schmidt, B E -- Scholten, F -- Stephan, K -- Sykes, M V -- Tricarico, P -- Wagner, R -- Zuber, M T -- Sierks, H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 May 11;336(6082):687-90. doi: 10.1126/science.1219122.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉German Aerospace Center, Institute of Planetary Research, Berlin, Germany. ralf.jaumann@dlr.de〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22582254" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-12-15
    Description: The dwarf planet (1) Ceres, the largest object in the main asteroid belt with a mean diameter of about 950 kilometres, is located at a mean distance from the Sun of about 2.8 astronomical units (one astronomical unit is the Earth-Sun distance). Thermal evolution models suggest that it is a differentiated body with potential geological activity. Unlike on the icy satellites of Jupiter and Saturn, where tidal forces are responsible for spewing briny water into space, no tidal forces are acting on Ceres. In the absence of such forces, most objects in the main asteroid belt are expected to be geologically inert. The recent discovery of water vapour absorption near Ceres and previous detection of bound water and OH near and on Ceres (refs 5-7) have raised interest in the possible presence of surface ice. Here we report the presence of localized bright areas on Ceres from an orbiting imager. These unusual areas are consistent with hydrated magnesium sulfates mixed with dark background material, although other compositions are possible. Of particular interest is a bright pit on the floor of crater Occator that exhibits probable sublimation of water ice, producing haze clouds inside the crater that appear and disappear with a diurnal rhythm. Slow-moving condensed-ice or dust particles may explain this haze. We conclude that Ceres must have accreted material from beyond the 'snow line', which is the distance from the Sun at which water molecules condense.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Nathues, A -- Hoffmann, M -- Schaefer, M -- Le Corre, L -- Reddy, V -- Platz, T -- Cloutis, E A -- Christensen, U -- Kneissl, T -- Li, J-Y -- Mengel, K -- Schmedemann, N -- Schaefer, T -- Russell, C T -- Applin, D M -- Buczkowski, D L -- Izawa, M R M -- Keller, H U -- O'Brien, D P -- Pieters, C M -- Raymond, C A -- Ripken, J -- Schenk, P M -- Schmidt, B E -- Sierks, H -- Sykes, M V -- Thangjam, G S -- Vincent, J-B -- England -- Nature. 2015 Dec 10;528(7581):237-40. doi: 10.1038/nature15754.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Goettingen, Germany. ; Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona, USA. ; University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada. ; Freie Universitaet Berlin, Berlin, Germany. ; Technische Universitaet Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany. ; University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, USA. ; Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, Maryland, USA. ; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada. ; TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany. ; Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. ; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, USA. ; Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA. ; Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26659183" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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