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  • 1
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary In situ hybridization was mainly used for typing human papillomavirus (HPV) in paraffin-embedded or frozen sections under stringent conditions (SC). We tested 5 different conditions of stringency with biotinylated HPV 1, 2, 16 and 18 probes on 3 cell lines (Siha and CaSki with HPV16, HeLa with HPV18) by varying the concentration of formamide in the hybridization mixture and washings in order to determine the stringency conditions to be used to assess the presence of HPV and its typing: A-low stringency, hybridization at 35° C below the melting temperature of DNA (Tm-35° C) and washings without formamide; B-low stringency, hybridization and washings at Tm-35° C; C-medium stringency, hybridization at Tm-35° C and washings at Tm-12° C; D-high stringency, hybridization at Tm-12° C and washing without formamide; E-very high stringency, hybridization and washings at −12° C. This study showed that HPV typing required a high stringency. On the contrary, under non stringent conditions (NSC), each cell line was positive with the heterologous probes. When 3 to 5 stringency conditions were assayed on 4 frozen samples, similar results were obtained. Typing required high stringency conditions whereas NSC allowed HPV detection. Furthermore, this study demonstrated the specificity of the reaction in lesions positive with more than one type. Stringent (Tm-12° C) and non stringent (Tm-35° C) conditions of hybridization were further applied to 57 biopsy sections (17 frozen and 40 paraffin-embedded specimens) from typical wart lesions and lesions suspected of HPV. Nineteen samples were totally negative under both NSC and SC, and considered as non-infected by HPV. In 22 specimens positive, under both NSC and stringent conditions (SC), the HPV type was identified. Ten specimens reacted with 1, 2 or 3 HPV types under NSC but the HPV DNA was not typed with the probes used. Six lesions were negative under NSC but were typed under SC. Most paraffin sections were labeled only with one HPV probe under NSC, whereas frozen sections were often labeled with 2 or 3 HPV probes. The HPV probe positive under SC was usually positive under NSC in both frozen and paraffin sections. HPV type 1 probe was more frequently positive under NSC in paraffin- embedded sections than the others and the 4 probes tested were equally positive in frozen sections. These findings show the interest of in situ hybridization in low stringency conditions since 17% of our lesions (10/57) were positive only under NSC: HPV DNA was detected but not typed with the probes used. Frozen sections were more frequently positive than paraffin sections, suggesting a loss of DNA accessibility in the latter, due to the fixation or processing before hybridization.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Papillomas ; Papillomavirus ; EGF receptors ; Transferrin receptors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Thirty five non regressing cutaneous and mucosal human papillomas were studied for the expression of EGF and transferrin receptors by indirect immunofluorescence on frozen sections. The lesions were also examined for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA by in situ-hybridization with biotinylated probes and viral capsid antigen. The mapping of EGF and transferrin receptors was modified in cutaneous lesions with drastic viral cytopathic effects and was enhanced in mucosal lesions mainly in laryngeal papillomas, which are poor virus producers. The greatest increase in EGF and transferrin receptor reactivity was observed in the group of mucosal lesions in which viral DNA was more frequently detected than viral antigen. This suggests that viral DNA may play a role in basal cell stimulation. Moreover some of these lesions with dense inflammatory reactions showed DR antigen expression by epithelial cells. Our findings indicate that epithelial cell activation in papillomas might be modulated by other factors than HPV such as mediators of the local immune response.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 408 (1986), S. 527-540 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Involucrin ; Adnexal skin tumours
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The expression of involucrin was studied in a group of skin neoplasms, mostly of adnexal origin. As happens with other types of epithelial tumours, involucrin was detected in the most differentiated areas (presenting a squamoid or ductal differentiation). No reactivity was observed in non-epithelial skin tumours. These results suggest that involucrin is a specific marker for epithelial and adnexal differentiation of skin tumours and may thus be a useful aid in histopathologic diagnosis and classification of neoplasms.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Langerhans cells ; Basal cell carcinomas ; Squamous cell carcinomas ; Quantitative analysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) are required for antigen-presentation and for stimulating antigen-specific T cell activation. Similar functions may be important in the immune response to malignant skin tumours. Monoclonal anti-T6 antibody was used to examine LC population in basal and squamous cell carcinomas. Positive control labeling was performed with monoclonal anti-HLA-DR antibody. The number of T6-positive LC per mm2 of section was significantly decreased (p〈0.01) in the tumour group in comparison with a sex and age-matched control group. The number of sun-exposed and covered regions was taken into consideration in each respective group. Within the tumours, LC were found more frequently in the tumour periphery and in most differentiated tumour areas (horn pearls) than in the rest of the tumour mass. T6-positive LC were rarely found in the dermis. Moreover, LC exhibited morphological changes in specimens from tumours. Staining with anti-HLA-DR antibody revealed less numerous positive cells within tumour nests than labeling with OKT6. A relationship between T6-positive LC quantities and extent of HLA-DR-positive infiltrates around tumours could not be established. These results suggest that immunological surveillance of neoantigen-bearing tumour cells may be impaired in skin cancer. A reason for the reduced LC number may be an altered microenvironment in tumour tissue.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Cultured epithelia-skin allograft-ultrastructure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In this work the ultrastructural features of cultured epithelial sheets (CES) used as skin allografts in humans are described, before and at various times after grafting. Prior to grafting, CES consisted of 4-5 layers of keratinocytes of a low to moderate degree of differentiation. However, after grafting, the CES developed progressively but rapidly features of a well-differentiated epidermis (including melanocytes and Langerhans' cells) and a dermal-epidermal junction. No evidence of rejection was observed. These results demonstrate the key role of normal dermis in the maturation of the surface epithelium and prove the suitability of CES as skin allografts.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Filaggrin ; Profilaggrin ; Epidermal differentiation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Filaggrin is a basic, histidine-rich protein synthesized by cells of keratinizing epithelia, that subserves major physiological functions in maturating epidermis. Its precursor, profilaggrin, constitutes a major component of keratohyalin granules. In this work the expression of profilaggrin/filaggrin was studied in 140 specimens of normal human adult and fetal skin, cultured epithelia before and after allo-and xeno-grafting, and several cases of keratinization disorders and tumours. An avidin-biotin-alkaline phosphatase technique was applied on deparaffinized tissue sections, by using a specific monoclonal antibody (AKH1) to profilaggrin/filaggrin. The results show that the expression of profilaggrin/filaggrin is variously altered in keratinization disorders, whereas in epithelial proliferations it seems to decrease with an increasing degree of dedifferentiation of the tumour. Therefore the expression of these antigens can be considered to be a sensitive marker of maturation of normal epidermis and provides a new tool for the study of differentiation of the surface epithelium in skin diseases.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die sonnenexponierte Haut der Handrücken von drei Hämodialysepatienten mit einer Porphyria cutanea tarda-ähnlichen Dermatose wurde elektronenmikroskopisch untersucht. Die Gefäßveränderungen entsprechen denen, die während eines medikamentösen phototoxischen Prozesses mit PCT beobachtet werden. Das Bindegewebe ist mit granulo-filamentösem Material infiltriert und die Fibroblasten befinden sich im aktivierten sekretorischen Zustand. Im Bereiche der dermal-epidermalen Grenzzone sind diese Veränderungen besonders ausgeprägt, wobei eine diffuse Infiltration der oberen Dermis mit einer Hyalinsubstanz — offenbar das Resultat einer Kollagendegeneration — und einer cellulären Nekrose vorliegt. Die ätiologischen Faktoren sind ungewiß, da keine besonderen Medikamente bei den Patienten gegeben wurden und das Kunststoffmaterial, welches bei den Hämodialysegeräten verwandt wird, wohl keine Rolle spielt.
    Notes: Summary The authors studied by electron microscope, the sun-exposed skin of the back of the hand from three heavily hemodialysed patients with a porphyria cutanea tarda-like bullous skin disease. The vascular impairment, like that of PCT, closely resembles that seen during medicamentous phototoxic processes. The connective tissue is infiltrated by large granulo-filamentous masses and the fibroblasts are secretory in appearance. At the dermal-epidermal junction, the abnormalities are important, with a diffuse infiltration of the upper dermis by a hyalin substance, probably resulting in a collagen degeneration and cellular necrosis. The aetiological factors are uncertain, as no common medicamentous factor appeared in our patients, and as the plasticizers used in the hemodialysis tubes probably played no part.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Allografts ; Epidermal cultures ; Langerhans cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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