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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Ultramicroscopy 23 (1987), S. 234-235 
    ISSN: 0304-3991
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial and engineering chemistry 15 (1976), S. 346-348 
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0360-6384
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 21 (1975), S. 198-200 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 10 (1970), S. 279-288 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The residence time distribution (RTD) functions were derived for screw extruders, based on the “parallel plate” and curved channel flow models. The results indicate a relatively narrow distribution, and they explain several characteristics of screw extruders. The strain distribution in the fluid across the channel was also derived. With the aid of these two functions an average strain of the fluid leaving the extruder was defined. The resulting weighted-average total strain (WATS) provides a quantitative criterion to the “goodness of mixing” in extruders.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 12 (1972), S. 12-24 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: An improved theoretical model was derived for the solids conveying zone of a plasticating extruder. The model makes possible calculations in variable channel depth section. It also allows for a bulk density which is a function of pressure and for the non-isotropic pressure distribution in the solid plug. An expression for maximum flow rate was also derived. Results simulated by the model on a computer indicate the effect of variables on extruder performance. The power consumption terms in the solids conveying zone of a plasticating extruder were also derived. Total power consumption is the sum of power consumptions on the barrel surface, screw surfaces and those due to pressure rise. Their relative importance was analyzed by computations. The effect of operating conditions and coefficients of friction on the various power terms was also analyzed.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 14 (1974), S. 553-559 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A theoretical model for melting in reciprocating screw injection molding machines is proposed. The model permits the calculation of the solid bed profile as a function of time during the injection cycle. It consists of a dynamic extrusion melting model for the rotation period, a transient heat conduction model with a phase transition for the screw rest period, and a proposed model for the drifting of the beginning of melting during the injection cycle.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The residence time distribution (RTD) function in a single screw plasticating extruder was theoretically calculated. The calculation is based on the solids conveying, melting, and melt conveying models in extruders. The screw channel is divided into small axial increments and the path of each exiting fluid particle is followed from hopper to die. In addition to the residence times the total shear deformation or strain imposed on the fluid particles was also calculated. This together with the RTD function has led to the definition and calculation of the strain distribution function (SDF). This function is proposed for quantitative characterization of the mixing performance of screw extruders as well as other laminar mixers. Some simple idealized batch and continuous laminar mixers are analyzed in terms of the SDF. Finally, the effect of extruder operating conditions and screw design on the RTD and SDF were investigated by computer simulations.
    Additional Material: 15 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 33 (1987), S. 808-818 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The devolatilization mechanism of polystyrene was studied by scanning electron microscopy. Strands of molten polystryene, containing 2,300 ppm styrene, and molten polystyrene containing 5% pentane, were extruded into a heated vacuum chamber. The strands were abruptly frozen, then fractured under liquid nitrogen and their morphology studied with scanning electron microscopy. A rich variety of morphological features in the core and on the surface of strands was discovered. These include micro- and miniblisters, fibrous structures, and crusty nodules on the inner surfaces of large macrobubbles. The source of these morphological features and their relevance to devolatilization is discussed.
    Additional Material: 18 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 18 (1974), S. 1753-1772 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A semiquantitative model is proposed to explain the complex molecular orientation distribution, observed in injection moldings of amorphous polymers. The model incorporates flow and heat transfer mechanisms coupled with molecular theories. The orientation in the surface skin is related to steady elongational flow in the advancing front, whereas the orientation in the core is related to the shear flow, behind the front, between two solidyfying layers. Coupled with the elongational and shear-induced orientations, a molecular relaxation process takes place which is determined by the rate of heat transfer. The bead-and-spring macromolecular theory was used to calculate root mean end-to-end distances of macromolecules in the various flow fields, as well as the relaxation process.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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