Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
A semiquantitative model is proposed to explain the complex molecular orientation distribution, observed in injection moldings of amorphous polymers. The model incorporates flow and heat transfer mechanisms coupled with molecular theories. The orientation in the surface skin is related to steady elongational flow in the advancing front, whereas the orientation in the core is related to the shear flow, behind the front, between two solidyfying layers. Coupled with the elongational and shear-induced orientations, a molecular relaxation process takes place which is determined by the rate of heat transfer. The bead-and-spring macromolecular theory was used to calculate root mean end-to-end distances of macromolecules in the various flow fields, as well as the relaxation process.
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