Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Micro-organisms form enzymes that catalyze many reactions which are difficult to carry out in the laboratory or which involve many steps. Enzymes even react with substances which are normally foreign to them. The frequently high stereospecificity of microbiological reactions is of particular significance. The most important types of reactions are: hydroxylations, dehydrogenations (oxidations), and hydrogenations (reductions), cleavage of ester and C-C bonds, and transglycosidations. The variety of the compounds converted is extremely great.
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