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  • 1
    Abstract: The genetic basis of epidermolysis bullosa, a group of genetic disorders characterized by the mechanically induced formation of skin blisters, is largely known, but a number of cases still remain genetically unsolved. Here, we used whole-exome and targeted sequencing to identify monoallelic mutations, c.1A〉G and c.2T〉C, in the translation initiation codon of the gene encoding kelch-like protein 24 (KLHL24) in 14 individuals with a distinct skin-fragility phenotype and skin cleavage within basal keratinocytes. Remarkably, mutation c.1A〉G occurred de novo and was recurrent in families originating from different countries. The striking similarities of the clinical features of the affected individuals point to a unique and very specific pathomechanism. We showed that mutations in the translation initiation codon of KLHL24 lead to the usage of a downstream translation initiation site with the same reading frame and formation of a truncated polypeptide. The pathobiology was examined in keratinocytes and fibroblasts of the affected individuals and via expression of mutant KLHL24, and we found mutant KLHL24 to be associated with abnormalities of intermediate filaments in keratinocytes and fibroblasts. In particular, KLHL24 mutations were associated with irregular and fragmented keratin 14. Recombinant overexpression of normal KLHL24 promoted keratin 14 degradation, whereas mutant KLHL24 showed less activity than the normal molecule. These findings identify KLHL24 mutations as a cause of skin fragility and identify a role for KLHL24 in maintaining the balance between intermediate filament stability and degradation required for skin integrity.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27889062
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 136 (1997), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) has been described in association with several immunological or infectious diseases. We describe a female patient who presented with clinically and histologically typical EED in whom previously undiagnosed coetiac disease was found.Appearance of EED lesions was preceded by widespread joint pains. In extensive laboratory tests, the only abnormal findings were an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and decreased haemoglobin and folic acid levels. Later. IgA and IgG type antireticulin and antigliadin antibodies were detected. Serum total IgA was elevated but no paraproteinaemia was found. In lesional skin, granular deposits of IgA and C3 were seen at the dermo-epidermal junction. A duodenal biopsy revealed total villous atrophy. Dapsone treatment was partly effective but complete healing of the EED lesions was achieved only after the introduction of a strict gluten-free diet. The patient has now remained symptom-free on the diet for 1.5 years.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effects of topical tretinoin on collagen synthesis and degradation were studied in 29 volunteers. The subjects applied 0·1% tretinoin cream on their non-sun-exposed abdominal skin once a day for 1 week (n = 10) (experiment 1) or twice a day for 2 weeks (n = 8) (experiment 2) or once a day for 2 months (n = 11) (experiment 3). After the treatments, suction blisters were induced and aminoterminal propeptides of type I and III procollagens (PINP, PIIINP, respectively) (experiments 1 and 3) and carboxy-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP) (experiment 2) were assayed as an index of de novo collagen synthesis by radioimmunoassays. Matrix metalloproteases 2 (MMP-2) and 9 (MMP-9) were assayed by the zymography method in experiment 2. In experiment 3, histology, immunohistochemistry of type I and III procollagens, tenascin. mRNA levels of type I collagen α1-chain [α1(I)], interstitial collagenase (MMP-1). MMP-2, MMP-9 by slot-blot analysis and the levels of α1(I) collagen mRNA by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction method were studied. The proportional area of elastic fibres visualized in Verhoeff-stained sections was analysed by computerized digital image analysis. The results indicated that treatment with topical tretinoin does not markedly induce de novo synthesis of collagen in vivo or affect matrix metalloproteases. In the immunohistochemical stainings, tenascin was increased in the papillary dermis. As it has been suggested that tretinoin could counteract the atrophogenic effect of corticoids on the dermis, the effect of a combination of betamethasone-17-valerate (once a day) and tretinoin (once a day) on the propeptide levels was also studied. Betamethasone alone caused a 60% decrease in the concentrations of PINP and PIIINP, and a similar decrease was found after the combination treatment, indicating that topical tretinoin administered during short treatment periods does not counteract the inhibitory effect of a potent corticoid on collagen propeptides.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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