Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The endocrine cells in intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms (IPN) of the pancreas have rarely been investigated. In the normal pancreatic ducts of normal pancreases (n=5) there were a few endocrine cells: argyrophil in 5 (100%), chromogranin A in (100%), pancreatic polypeptide (PP) in 3 (60%), and insulin in 7 (20%). These endocrine cells were scattered, and located in the basal portions of pancreatic ducts. In IPN of the pancreas (n=9), there were many endocrine cells: argyrophil in 7 (78%), argentaffin in 8 (89%), chromogranin A in 8 (89%), PP in 7 (78%), serotonin in 7 (78%), insulin in 4 (44%), and gastrin in 5 (56%). In invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (n=6), many endocrine cells were also detected: argyrophil cells in (67%), chromogranin A in 3 (50%), insulin in 3 (50%), glucagon in 4 (67%), and somatostatin in 3 (50%). In positive cases, endocrine cells were situated under or among the neoplastic cells and the proportion of endocrine cells in IPN was less than 5% of the total neoplastic cell population. These data show that normal pancreatic ducts contain endocrine cells and that IPN frequently contain argyrophil, argentaffin, chromogranin A, and hormone-containing endocrine cells. These data also suggest that endocrine differentiation occurs during neoplastic transformation and progression of IPN of the pancreas.
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