Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Abstract: Biomarker-stratified cancer pharmacotherapy was pioneered in the care of breast cancer patients. The utility of agents modulating hormone receptors, synthesis of steroid hormones, or HER2-targeting agents has been greatly enhanced by the detection of predictive biomarkers in diagnostic tumor samples. Based on deeper understanding of breast cancer biology multiple drug candidates have been developed to modulate additional molecular targets which may associate with specific biomarker profiles. Accordingly, exploratory biomarkers are increasingly incorporated in early clinical trials, thus demanding a new process of patient selection. Here, we describe the implementation of preemptive, multiplexed biomarker profiling linked to standard diagnostic algorithms for metastatic breast cancer patients treated at the West German Cancer Center. Profiling for experimental biomarkers was prospectively offered to patients with metastatic breast cancer who met generic clinical trial inclusion criteria. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples were retrieved and studied for potentially "actionable" biomarkers related to active clinical trials by immunohistochemistry, amplicon sequencing, and in situ hybridization. The clinical course of those "profiled" patients was closely monitored to offer trial participation whenever applicable. Here, we report results from the first 131 patients enrolled in this program. PIK3CA mutations (23 %) and amplifications (2 %), loss of PTEN expression (13 %), and FGFR1 amplifications (8 %) were detected next to established biomarkers such as estrogen (67 %) and progesterone receptor expression (52 %), and HER2 overexpression or amplification (23 %). So far 16 "profiled" patients (12 %) have been enrolled in biomarker-stratified early clinical trials. Preemptive profiling of investigational biomarkers can be integrated into the diagnostic algorithm of a large Comprehensive Cancer Center. Extensive administrative efforts are required to successfully enroll "profiled" patients with metastatic breast cancer in early clinical trials stratified by exploratory biomarkers.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24122392
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: GROWTH ; CELL LUNG-CANCER ; PATHWAYS ; MUTATIONS ; sensitivity ; FUTURE ; THERAPIES
    Abstract: PURPOSE: Multiple investigational drugs are currently explored in cancer patient populations defined by specific biomarkers. This demands a new process of patient selection for clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Starting January 1, 2012, preemptive biomarker profiling was offered at the West German Cancer Center to all patients with advanced non-small-cell lung (NSCLC) or colorectal cancer (CRC), who met generic study inclusion criteria. Tumour specimens were subjected to prespecified profiling algorithms to detect 'actionable biomarkers' by amplicon sequencing, in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry. The clinical course was closely monitored to offer trial participation whenever applicable. RESULTS: Within 12 months, 267 patients (188 NSCLC, 79 CRC) were profiled. Estimated additional cost for biomarker profiling was 219615.51 EUR excluding histopathology workup and administration. The most prevalent biomarkers in pulmonary adenocarcinoma were KRAS mutations (29%), loss of PTEN expression (18%), EGFR mutations (9%), HER2 amplification (5%) and BRAF mutations (3%), while the prevalence of ALK translocations and PIK3CA mutations was extremely low. In pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma FGFR1 amplifications were found in 15%, PTEN expression was lost in 20% and DDR2 was mutated in a single case. KRAS mutations (41%) predominated in CRC, followed by loss of PTEN expression (16%), PIK3CA (5%) and BRAF (5%) mutations. So far 13 patients (5%) have entered biomarker-stratified clinical trials. Therapeutic decisions for approved drugs were guided in another 45 patients (17%). CONCLUSION: Preemptive biomarker profiling can be implemented into the diagnostic algorithm of a large Comprehensive Cancer Center. Substantial investments in diagnostics and administration are required.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23876834
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare malignant disease, accounting for 〈1% of all breast cancers (BCs). Treatment of men with early-stage BC is based on standards established in female BC. Prognostic or predictive markers to guide therapeutic decisions, in particular in early-stage male BC, are missing. Here, we explored whether disseminated tumor cells (DTC) in bone marrow (BM) and circulating tumor cells (CTC) in blood could be suitable biomarkers in male BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five male patients (pT2-4, pN0-2, M0) with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative, and ductal primary BC (median age 70 years, range 51-73) were enrolled in a prospective study of patients with early-stage breast cancer. Here, we analyze the male subgroup. DTC in BM were analyzed before therapy and identified by immunocytochemistry using the pancytokeratin antibody A45B/B3. Blood samples (10 ml) were analyzed for CTC using the AdnaTest BreastCancer (AdnaGen AG, Langenhagen, Germany). RESULTS: DTC were found in three out of five male patients (60%) with two DTC detected in one patient and one DTC detected in each of the other two patients. This is compared to a detection rate of 25-40% in pooled analyses of female patients. CTC were only found in one of five patients. After a median follow-up time of 3 years (range 1-10 years), all patients were still alive and free of relapse. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of DTC and CTC in male BC seems comparable with female BC. No prognostic relevance could be documented in this small population. A prospective study or at least larger cases series will be required to assess the prognostic or predictive value of DTC and CTC in this rare disease.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25108406
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Abstract: PURPOSE: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) is an option for patients with liver-predominant metastatic breast cancer (LMBC), when no further systemic treatment is available. But systematic reports are limited. Here we conducted a retrospective analysis of LMBC patients treated at an expert center. METHODS: Individual patient data were retrieved from the clinical data base of the West German Cancer Center. Primary endpoints included hepatic response (RECIST), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. A score based on LDH, AST, ALT and bilirubine was developed to estimate the hepatic metastasis load. RESULTS: Data from 70 consecutive patients were included. All patients were heavily pretreated (median 7 treatment lines for LMBC). HAIC protocols included mitomycin/5-FU (70%), mitomycin (14.3%), melphalan (12.9%) and 5-FU (7.1%), with selection based on patient characteristics. Partial hepatic remission was obtained as best response in 14 patients (20.0%), stable disease in 27 patients (38.6%), and progressive disease in 29 patients (41.4%). Median PFS and OS from initiation of HAIC were 2 (range 0-10) and 7 months (range 1-37). Mainly hepatic and hematopoietic HAIC-related toxicities were observed; there was no treatment-related death. The hepatic metastasis score effectively separated two prognostic groups: Patients with a score 〈3 had significantly superior PFS (15 vs 7 weeks, p = 0.017) and OS (12 vs 5 months, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: HAIC offers a safe and effective salvage treatment strategy in heavily pretreated patients with LMBC and no further treatment options. The hepatic metastasis score may help to identify patients with sustained clinical benefit.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28646261
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2006-04-21
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    ISSN: 0304-8853
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 81 (2002), S. 313-315 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Micrometer-sized highly sensitive strain sensors are presented. The sensors are based on magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJs) incorporating magnetostrictive free layers. The influence of mechanical strain upon the free layer is explained by a model taking into account the total free energy of the sensing layer. Those MTJ devices prepared in situ with magnetostrictive Fe50Co50 layers exhibit a tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio of 48%. The changes in strain Δε on the order of 0.4 parts per thousand (&perthou;) result in resistance changes of 24%, which in turn leads to gauge factors [(ΔR/R)/Δε] on the order of 600, whereas gauge factors of 2–4 are typical for metal based, and 40–180 for piezoresistive semiconductor strain gauges. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-06-29
    Description: BACKGROUND: Liquid biopsies are discussed to provide surrogate markers for therapy stratification and monitoring. We compared messenger RNA (mRNA) profiles of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and extracellular vesicles (EVs) in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) to estimate their utility in therapy management. METHODS: Blood was collected from 35 hormone receptor-positive/HER2-negative patients with MBC at the time of disease progression and at 2 consecutive staging time points. CTCs were isolated from 5 mL of blood by positive immunomagnetic selection, and EVs from 4 mL of plasma by a membrane affinity-based procedure. mRNA was reverse transcribed, preamplified, and analyzed for 18 genes by multimarker quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays. RNA profiles were normalized to healthy donor controls (n = 20), and results were correlated with therapy outcome. RESULTS: There were great differences in mRNA profiles of EVs and CTCs, with only 5% (21/403) of positive signals identical in both fractions. Transcripts involved in the PI3K signaling pathway were frequently overexpressed in CTCs, and AURKA , PARP1 , and SRC signals appeared more often in EVs. Of all patients, 40% and 34% showed ERBB2 and ERBB3 signals, respectively, in CTCs, which was significantly associated with disease progression ( P = 0.007). Whereas MTOR signals in CTCs significantly correlated with response ( P = 0.046), signals in EVs indicated therapy failure ( P = 0.011). The presence of AURKA signals in EVs seemed to be a marker for the indication of unsuccessful treatment of bone metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: These results emphasize the potential of CTCs and EVs for therapy monitoring and the need for critical evaluation of the implementation of any liquid biopsy in clinical practice.
    Keywords: Molecular Diagnostics and Genetics
    Print ISSN: 0009-9147
    Electronic ISSN: 1530-8561
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...