Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Based on previous research from these laboratories various structural analogs of 3-hydroxyflavone were tested for inhibition of glyoxalse I (S-lactoyl-glutathione methylglyoxal lyase, isomerizing; EC 22.214.171.124). The substrate of glyoxalse I (Glo I), methylglyoxal, has growth inhibitory properties. Glo I was purified 7000-fold from human red blood cells, and the concentration of various flavones was determined for 50% inhibition (I50) of enzyme activity. These compounds resemble the transition state of the methylglyoxal hemimercaptal as previously reported [Int. J. Quantum Chem. Quantum Biol. Symp., 10, 357 (1983)]. The I50 in μM varies from 5 to 330 for the flavones tested, with the parent compound 3-hydroxyflavone having an I50 of 10 μM. The most inhibitory compound in vitro was myricetin (5 μM), which has a 3′,4′,5′-trihydroxyphenolic ring at the 2 position of the pyrone ring.
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