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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Key Words: Prestack migration, instantaneous slowness, migration artefact, crystalline crust, DEKORP.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract —Prestack migration finds increasing application in processing crustal seismic data. However, less effort has been made to incorporate slowness information in the imaging process. The combination of slowness information with migration leads to an improved image in the depth domain, especially by reducing migration artefacts and noise. A slowness-driven isochrone migration scheme is introduced for migration of 2-D seismic data. Instantaneous slowness information p(x, t) is extracted from the data using correlation analysis in moving time and space windows. Slowness values resulting from spatial coherent energy (signal) and incoherent background noise are distinguished by the simultaneous evaluation of an instantaneous coherence criterion g(x, t). In slowness-driven isochrone migration this information is used for locally weighting the amplitude A(x, t) smearing on the isochrone surface. In particular, slowness p and coherence criterion g determine position and sharpness of a Gaussian weighting function. The method is demonstrated using two synthetic data examples and is subsequently applied to two deep crustal data sets, one wide-angle (along DEKORP4) and one steep-angle reflection seismic observation (KTB8506). Both data sets were collected in the surroundings of the KTB drill site, Oberpfalz, as part of the German DEKORP project.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The lipid composition of two species of Serrasalmid fish with different natural feeding habits were compared in relation to the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplied in their diets. Mylossoma aureum, a herbivorous piranha, was maintained on oatmeal flakes in which : 2(n-6) and : 3(n-3) were the only PUFA and accounted for 40–8 and 1.2%, respectively of dietary fatty acids. Serrasalmus nattereri, the carnivorous red piranha, was fed mosquito larvae containing .0-33.4% of their total fatty acids as : 2(n-6)+18 : 3(n-3) and 4.9-8.5% as 20 : 4(n-6)+20 : 5(n-3). The two species had similar lipid class compositions in liver, brain, viscera and carcass, except that lipids from M. aureum were generally richer in triacylglycerols. In both species, visceral and carcass lipid contained high levels of triacylglycerols whose principal PUFA was : 2(n-6). In M. aureum the major PUFA in liver total lipid and triacylglycerols was : 2(n-6) whilst the major PUFA in liver phospholipids were : 4(n-6) and : 5(n-6), with : 6(n-3) being a minor component. The level of : 6(n-3) in ethanolamine glycerophospholipids was significantly greater in brain than liver of M. aureum. Although absent from dietary lipid, : 6(n-3) was the major PUFA in phosphatidylcholine and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids from both the liver and brain of S, nattereri. In both species, the ratio of (n-6)/(n-3)PUFA was consistently lower in tissue lipids than in dietary lipids. The results are consistent with (i) the herbivorous M. aureum converting dietary C18 PUFA to their C20 and C22 homologues, (ii) the carnivorous S, nattereri forming : 6(n-3) from either 18:3(n-3) or 20: 5(n-3) and (iii) both species selectively desaturating and elongating (n-3) rather than (n-6) PUFA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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