Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections of the genital tract are among the most common sexually transmitted viral infections in the United States. Recently, data have accumulated linking HPV with later development of genital neoplasia, particularly cervical neoplasia, causing growing concern among health-care professionals. Genital warts, or condyloma acuminata, are one of the manifestations of genital HPV infections. The clinical spectrum associated with genital HPV infections, however, is much broader than previously recognized and includes a multiplicity of disease entities in both sexes. This article summarizes the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and treatment modalities for genital HPV infections. Nursing implications also are discussed.HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that has been linked to in-traepithelial neoplasia and genital cancer. The incidence and prevalence of HPV has reached epidemic proportions, particularly among the young, reproductive-aged population. The clinical presentation of this disease in both men and women is extremely varied, and many of these infections are not readily recognized. The cervix, particularly the transformation zone, appears to be especially vulnerable to HPV infections and subsequent dysplastic changes.
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