Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Several new push-pull azobenzene dyes were synthesized by diazonium salt coupling of electron-poor anilines with N,N-dialkylanilines. Their dipole moments and first-order hyperpolarizabilities were evaluated respectively from the concentration dependence of the dielectric constant of solutions in apolar solvents and by the electric-field-induced-second-harmonic-generation (EFISH) technique. Investigation of the influence of both nature and steric hindrance of the electron-withdrawing group allowed to highlight a significant deviation from linearity in the relationship between dipole moments and first-order hyperpolarizabilities. This effect was particularly noticeable when multiple electron withdrawing groups pointing in different directions were present on the same phenyl ring.
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