Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract In this study we have analysed the apolipoprotein (Apo) E polymorphism and polymorphisms of the ApoB gene, including the ApoB/Xba I and ApoB/4311 diallelic polymorphisms and a hypervariable region (HVR) situated in the 3′ region of the gene (ApoB/3′HVR), in a sample of healthy male subjects from Taiyuan (northern People's Republic of China). In comparison to Caucasian populations, in the Chinese sample, the Xba I2 allele (presence of cutting site; frequency 6.1%; and 95% confidence interval, 3.3–8.9) and the long HVR alleles (9.4%; 6.0–12.8) were rare, whereas the ApoB/4311 (Ser) allele (70.8%; 65.4–76.2) and the 34-repeat allele of the HVR (HVR34; 62.4%; 56.8–68.0) were frequent. In subjects having none, one, or two HVR34 alleles, the mean levels of plasma triglycerides were 2.32±1.44 (SD), 1.45+0.74, and 1.75±1.07 g/l, respectively (P 〈 0.007). Similar trends were observed for very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol, LpE:B, and LpCIII:B. The frequencies of the ApoE alleles were similar to those reported in other populations of Asian origin; E2 (7.4%; 4.2–10.6), E3 (84.4%; 80.2–88.6), and E4 (8.2%; 5.0–11.4). Individuals carrying the E2 allele had a lower mean level of ApoB than E33 individuals: 0.87±0.16 and 1.00±0.22 g/l, respectively (P 〈 0.007). Individuals carrying the E4 allele had higher levels of ApoE than E33 individuals: 0.140±0.084 and 0.094±0.052 g/l, respectively (P 〈 0.004); similar trends were observed for VLDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LpE:B, and LpCIII:B. The ApoB/ HVR34 and ApoE/E4 polymorphisms accounted for 10% to 15% of the variability of the plasma levels of VLDL cholesterol, ApoE, triglycerides, LpE:B, and LpCIII:B. Several lipid variables appeared to be favourably affected by specific forms of ApoB and ApoE that are particularly frequent in this Chinese population.
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