Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Using a modified Brewer bubbler ozone sensor, continuous measurements of the ozone concentration near the ground were made at Poona (18°N, 73°E) for one year 1969–1970. The surface ozone concentration shows a pronounced seasonal variation, with a minimum during the monsoon months and a maximum during the pre-monsoon summer months. There is also a marked diurnal variation in surface ozone concentration which clearly follows the diurnal variation of temperature and is again a maximum during the summer months and a minimum during the monsoon. A secondary maximum in ozone concentration occurs in the forenoon during the winter months, associated with the temperature inversions that occur near the ground in this season. Both ozone and radioactive tracers, such as Cs-137 both in air and in precipitation show variations indicating that they have identical source regions and sinks. The latitudinal anomaly of surface ozone and Cs-137 observed in the low latitudes over India is explained as arising from the reduction in the rate of transfer of these tracers from the stratosphere to the troposphere, as a result of the reversed circulation at the upper levels in this season. From continuous measurements of surface ozone made with three electrochemical sensors exposed at three levels, 0, 15 and 35 m above the ground, the ozone flux has been directly calculated for the first time in the tropics. The ozone flux was calculated using both the rate of decay method used by Kroening and Ney and Regener's profile method. The profile method gives values of the order of 1.71 to 7.04×1011 mol/cm2/sec and that obtained by the rate of decay method is found to be 4.2 to 5.6×1011 mol/cm2/sec and are in good agreement with the flux values reported by other investigators.
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