Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Nisoldipine is a second generation dihydropyridine calcium antagonist having characteristics of strong coronary artery dilating effect and less negative inotropic action. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of nisoldipine on the cardiac function (systolic and diastolic) and the exercise tolerance in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Subjects: Twenty-three patients with HCM were studied.Methods: We measured the following indices using M-mode and pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography before and after nisoldipine therapy; left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), isometric relaxation time (IRT), deceleration half-time (DHT) of early diastolic mitral (E) flow, late diastolic mitral (A) flow and A/E ratio. Symptomlimited treadmill exercise test was performed. Exercise tolerance (EX) time was measured. Nisoldipine of 10mg/day was orally administered. Same tests were repeated on day 14 and after 6 months.Results: 1) Short-term effects; LVFS did not change (55.9±5.9%→57.0±7.4%, NS) after 2 weeks. However, LV diastolic function significantly improved (IRT; 92.1±7.7 ms→85.2±11.6 ms, p〈0.05, DHT; 70.7±16.2 ms→63.3±3.7 ms, p〈0.05). EX time increased (8.9±2.6 min→ 10.0±3.3 min, p〈0.05). 2) Long-term effects; LV diastolic function had a tendency toward improvement, but is statistically not significant (IRT; 91.1±7.6→83.8±11.6 ms, DHT; 73.1±23.4→61.0±11.4 ms, A/E; 1.26±0.29→1.11±0.36) after 6 months. EX time was significantly increased (9.4±1.7→ 10.1±1.7 min, p〈0.05).Conclusions: Nisoldipine improved LV diastolic dysfunction and exercise tolerance in patients with HCM. These effects were similar to the first generation calcium antagonists. LV diastolic dysfunction may be improved due to the reduction of intracellular calcium concentration and the relief of myocardial ischemia by strong coronary artery dilating effect. However, nisoldipine did not affect the LV systolic function because of its less negative inotropic effect.
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