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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Key words: Melanoma – Neural crest – Ewing’s sarcoma – Tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Melanomas from different patients have been shown to express shared tumor antigens, which can be recognized in the context of the appropriate MHC class I molecules by cytolytic T cells. To determine if T-cell-defined melanoma antigens are expressed on other tumors of neuroectodermal origin, four melanoma-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) cultures derived from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were tested for lysis of a panel of 23 HLA-A2+ neuroectodermal tumor cell lines of various histologies, including retinoblastoma (1), neuroblastoma (8), neuroepithelioma (6), astrocytoma (2), neuroglioma (1), and Ewing’s sarcoma (5). Low expression of MHC class I and/or ICAM-1 molecules was found on 22 of 23 neuroectodermal tumor lines, and could be enhanced by treatment with interferon γ (IFNγ). Following IFNγ treatment, three Ewing’s sarcoma lines were lysed by at least one melanoma TIL culture, and levels of lysis were comparable to melanoma lysis by these TIL. Lysis could be inhibited by monoclonal antibodies directed against MHC class I molecules and against CD3, indicating specific immune recognition of tumor-associated antigens. None of the other neuroectodermal tumors tested were lysed by TIL, but they could be lysed by non-MHC-restricted lymphokine-activated killer cells. This demonstration of immunological cross-reactivity between melanomas and Ewing’s sarcomas, two tumors of distinct histological types with a common embryonic origin, has implications for the developmental nature of these CTL-defined tumor antigens. It also raises the possibility that specific antitumor immunotherapies, such as vaccines, may be reactive against more than one form of cancer.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Melanoma ; Neural crest ; Ewing's sarcoma ; Tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Melanomas from different patients have been shown to express shared tumor antigens, which can be recognized in the context of the appropriate MHC class 1 molecules by cytolytic T cells. To determine if T-cell-defined melanoma antigens are expressed on other tumors of neuroectodermal origin, four melanoma-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) cultures derived from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were tested for lysis of a panel of 23 HLA-A2+ neuroectodermal tumor cell lines of various histologies, including retinoblastoma (1), neuroblastoma (8), neuroepithelioma (6), astrocytoma (2), neuroglioma (1), and Ewing's sarcoma (5). Low expression of MHC class I and/or ICAM-1 molecules was found on 22 of 23 neuroectodermal tumor lines, and could be enhanced by treatment with interferon γ (IFNγ). Following IFNγ treatment, three Ewing's sarcoma lines were lysed by at least one melanoma TIL culture, and levels of lysis were comparable to melanoma lysis by these TIL. Lysis could be inhibited by monoclonal antibodies directed against MHC class I molecules and against CD3, indicating specific immune recognition of tumor-associated antigens. None of the other neuroectodermal tumors tested were lysed by TIL, but they could be lysed by non-MHC-restricted lymphokine-activated killer cells. This demonstration of immunological cross-reactivity between melanomas and Ewing's sarcomas, two tumors of distinct histological types with a common embryonic origin, has implications for the developmental nature of these CTL-defined tumor antigens. It also raises the possibility that specific antitumor immunotherapies, such as vaccines, may be reactive against more than one form of cancer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Colon carcinoma ; Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes ; Cytokines
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were grown in the presence of interleukin-2 from 19 colon carcinoma specimens, including 1 primary lesion and 18 metastatic lesions. These cultures showed a median proliferation of 606-fold (range 13-fold to 28 000-fold) over 49 culture days (range 26–76 days). By phenotype, mature cultures were 69%–99% CD3+ (mean 93%) and contained mixed populations of CD4+ and CD8+ cells (CD4〉CD8 in 10 of 19 cultures). Fresh cryopreserved colon tumors were not lysed by autologous TIL in short-term51Cr-release assays, and were poorly lysed by lymphokine-activated killer cells. Ten TIL cultures were assayed for cytokine secretion in response to autologous and allogeneic tumors during a 6- to 24-h coincubation. Culture supernatants were tested by ELISA for the presence of granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor, interferon γ, and tumor necrosis factor α. Of 10 TIL, 4 secreted at least two of these cytokines specifically in response to autologous and/or HLA-matched fresh allogeneic colon carcinomas, but not to melanomas or HLA-unmatched colon carcinomas. Cytokine secretion was mediated by both CD4+ and CD8+ TIL, and could be inhibited by mAb directed against the appropriate class of MHC antigen. These data provide evidence for specific, MHC-restricted immune recognition of human colon carcinomas by T lymphocytes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1546-170X
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] The cloning of the genes encoding cancer antigens has opened new possibilities for the treatment of patients with cancer. In this study, immunodominant peptides from the gp100 melanoma-associated antigen were identified, and a synthetic peptide, designed to increase binding to HLA-A2 molecules, was ...
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