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  • 1
    ISSN: 0894-3230
    Keywords: Organic Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The enthalpic contribution to the anomeric effect in r-2-carboethoxy-trans-4,trans-6- and r-2-carboethoxy-cis-4,cis-6-dimethyl-1,3-dithianes was determined by reaction-solution calorimetry. The enthalpy of solution of both isomers in pure p-dioxane and the enthalpy of solution and isomerization in the same solvent and in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid were experimentally measured. From these results the corresponding enthalpies of isomerization in solution were calculated, and were found to be ΔHax→eq = -0·16 ± 0·04 kcal mol-1 (-0·67 ± 0·18 kJ mol-1) and ΔSax→eq = -2·68 ± 0·1 cal K-1 mol-1 (-11·2 ± 0·4 J K-1 mol-1). The slightly negative ΔH term nevertheless reflects a substantial anomeric effect owing to the countervailing steric effects in the axial isomer. The significant entropy loss in the equatorial isomer was explained in terms of intramolecular electrostatic effects. The results are in agreement with those obtained from NMR studies of the conformational behaviour of 2-carboethoxy-5-methyl-5-aza-1,3-dithiacyclohexane.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9001
    Keywords: Amineborane adducts ; pyridine ; picoline ; thermochemistry ; enthalpy of formation ; enthalpy of solution
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The enthalpy of reaction of pyridine, 2-, 3-, and 4-picoline with BH3·THF and the enthalpy of solution of the same amines in THF were determined by reaction-solution calorimetry. From these data, the enthalpies of formation of the corresponding amineborane adducts in solution of THF were also determined. The results can be explained by considering the steric and inductive effects of the methyl group on the pyridine ring and the basicity of amines. The enthalpy of formation of the adducts in solution of THF correlates well with the available literature values of pK a of amines also determined in THF, and the influence of the solvent on the basicity features of studied amines is verified.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-9001
    Keywords: Amineborane adducts ; thermochemistry ; enthalpy of formation ; enthalpy of solution
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The enthalpies of solution of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines in THF were determined from calorimetric experiments for five primary, five secondary, and three tertiary amines. The enthalpies of formation of amineborane adducts from borane and the corresponding amines in THF solution were also determined. The differences in adduct formation enthalpies from borane and the corresponding amines can be explained by taking into account steric effects and the chain length of the substituents on the amine. In general, as the alkyl chain length, branching, or the number of chains increases, the formation enthalpy of amineborane adducts is less exothermic. That is to say, the steric effect is more important in tertiary and secondary amines than in primary ones. The enthalpy of solution of linear primary amines in THF was more endothermic as the alkyl chain increased and a similar behavior was observed with linear secondary and tertiary ones. An analysis is made of the amine structural factors which affect the amineborane adduct formation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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