Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary For the efficient production of l-alanine from ammonium fumarate using the aspartase activity of immobilized Escherichia coli cells and l-aspartate β-decarboxylase activity of immobilized Pseudomonas dacunhae cells, alanine racemase and fumarase activities should be eliminated. We investigated various procedures to eliminate these side reactions, and found that both activities of intact E. coli cells could be eliminated by treating the culture broth at pH 5.0 and 45° C for 1 h, and those of intact P. dacunhae cells could be eliminated by treating the culture broth at pH 4.75 and 30° C for 1 h. Further, it was confirmed that l-alanine was efficiently produced using these two immobilized pH-treated microorganisms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary The immobilized growing cell system using Serratia marcescens was applied to continuous L-arginine production. From the determination of oxygen uptake rate, it was shown that the cells entrapped in carrageenan gel were in an oxygen-limited state due to the diffusion barrier to oxygen transport created by the gel layer. This limited state in gel was relieved by supply of oxygen-enriched gas instead of air into the medium. The maximum population of immobilized cells increased to five times that of free cells with the supply of pure oxygen gas. The L-arginine-producing activity of the immobilized growing cells was proportional to the concentration of oxygen gas supplied and was 6 mg/h per millilitre in gel supplied with pure oxyges gas. The continuous L-arginine containing production was constantly maintained by controlling the medium penicillin G at pH 6.5 and more than 10 mg/ml of L-arginine were obtained at 10h of residence time for at least 12 days.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary In order to improve L-malic acid productivity by Brevibacterium flavum immobilized with ϰ-carrageenan, addition of Chinese gallotannin to the immobilization medium was investigated. As the results show, the optimal concentration of Chinese gallotannin was 0.1% (w/v). Fumarase activity and the stability of this improved preparation were higher than in one with only ϰ-carrageenan. Addition of Chinese gallotannin was more advantageous to stability towards ethanol than addition of polyethyleneimine. The L-malic acid productivity of the immobilized cells at 37°C was 42.2 kg/h per 1,000 l column, and increased threefold compared with that of B. flavum immobilized with only ϰ-carrageenan, and was 25 times that of B. ammoniagenes immobilized with polyacrylamide. Persimmon tannin also increased the stability of fumarase.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary For continuous production of 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) the microbial cells ofEscherichia coli ATCC 9637 having high penicillin amidase (penicillin amidohydrolase, E.C. 3. 5. 1. 11) activity were immobilized by entrapment in a polyacrylamide gel lattice. Enzymatic properties of penicillin amidase of the immobilizedE. coli cells were investigated and compared with those of the intact cells. With regard to optimal pH and temperature, no marked difference was observed. The heat stability was somewhat increased by immobilization of the cells. The enzyme activity of the immobilized cell column was stable, and its half-life was 17 days at 40°C and 42 days at 30°C. From the effluent of the column, 6-APA was easily obtained in a good yield.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary Continuous production ofL-malic acid from fumaric acid using immobilized microbial cells was investigated. Several microorganisms having fumarase activity were immobilized into a polyacrylamide gel lattice. Among the microorganisms tested, immobilizedBrevibacterium ammoniagenes IAM 1645 showed the highest enzyme activity, but produced an unwanted by-product, succinic acid. Conditions for suppression of this side reaction were investigated, and bile extract treatment of immobilized cells was found to be effective. The bile extract treatment of immobilized cells also resulted in a marked increase of reaction rate forL-malic acid formation. No difference was observed between the native enzyme and immobilized cells in optimal pH and temperature of the enzyme reaction. The effect of temperature on the reaction rate and the stability of fumarase activity of an immobilized cell column were investigated under conditions of continuous enzyme reaction. The decay of enzyme activity during continuous enzyme reaction was expressed by an exponential relationship. Half-life of the fumarase activity of the immobilized cell column at 37°C was calculated to be 52.5 days.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary To develop an efficient method for continuous production of L-malic acid from fumaric acid using immobilized microbial cells, screening of microorganisms having high fumarase activity was carried out and cultural conditions of selected microorganisms were investigated. As a result of screening microorganisms belonging to the genera Brevibacterium, Proteus, Pseudomonas, and Sarcina were found to produce fumarase in high levels. Among these microorganisms Brevibacterium ammoniagenes, B. flavum, Proteus vulgaris, and Pseudomonas fluorescens were further selected for their high fumarase levels in the cultivation on several media. These 4 microorganisms were entrapped into a k-carrageenan gel lattice, and the resultant immobilized B. flavum showed the highest fumarase activity and operational stability. Cultural conditions for the fumarase formation and the operational stability of fumarase activity of immobilized B. flavum are detailed. Productivity for L-malic acid using immobilized B. flavum with k-carrageenan was 2.3 fold of that using immobilized B. ammoniagenes with polyacrylamide.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary Bacteria with the ability to form L-phenylalanine from acetamidocinnamic acid were isolated from several soils. Among them, strain no. S-7 and strain no. N-7 were identified as Alcaligenus faecalis S-7 and Bacillus sphaericus N-7, respectively. The L-phenylalanine-forming enzyme systems in both bacteria were found to be inducible and intracellular. With intact cells of both bacteria and 40 mg/ml as wet base, 10 mg/ml acetamidocinnamic acid was utilized, and 7.7 mg/ml L-phenylalanine in a molar yield of 94% was produced after 72h incubation. The pathway of L-phenylalanine formation is considered to take the following course: acetamidocinnamic acid is deacetylated to α-amino cinnamic acid; this is spontaneously changed to phenylpyruvic acid, and L-phenylalanine is formed by transamination.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary To establish an efficient production method for l-phenylalanine, the production of l-phenylalanine from phenylpyruvate by Paracoccus denitrificans pFPr-1 containing aminotransferase activity was investigated. By using intact cells, 0.74M l-phenylalanine was produced from 0.8M phenylpyruvate (conversion yield, 92.5%). Moreover, by using immobilized cells with κ-carrageenan, when the space velocity was 0.1 h-1 at 30°C, 0.135 M l-phenylalanine was produced from 0.15 M phenylpyruvate (conversion yield, 90%). The half-life of the l-phenylalanine-forming activity of the column was estimated to be about 30 days at 30°C.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary To develop a practical process for d-alanine production from dl-alanine, we screened 107 yeasts for their asymmetric degrading activity against dl-alanine. Candida maltosa JCM1504 degraded the l-isomer ten times more rapidly than the d-isomer. The cells of this strain were used as a biocatalyst for eliminating the l-isomer. However, when the degradation reaction was conducted in the presence of a high concentration of dl-alanine, the pH of the reaction mixture was rapidly increased by the liberation of ammonia from l-alanine, and consequently the reaction stopped. This hindrance was overcome by controlling the pH value at 6.0 with H2SO4 during the reaction. Additionally, we found that the maximum rate of l-isomer degradation was obtained at 30° C and pH 6.0 under conditions of high aeration (1.0 vvm) and agitation (1200 rpm). Under the optimal conditions, the l-isomer of 200 g dl-alanine/l was completely degraded within 40 h and 90 g d-alanine/l remained in the reaction mixture. d-Alanine was easily isolated from the reaction mixture. The chemical and optical purity of the d-isomer product so obtained was 99.0% and 99.9% enantiomeric excess, respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary In our laboratory, EAPc-7 a strain having higher aspartase activity was derived from Escherichia coli ATCC 11303. For the improvement of l-aspartic acid productivity using EAPc-7 cells immobilized in χ-carrageenan, it was necessary to eliminate the fumarase activity which converts fumaric acid to l-malic acid. Several treatments for specifically eliminating fumarase activity from EAPc-7 cells were tested and it was found that when EAPc-7 cells were treated in a culture broth (pH 4.9) containing 50 mM l-aspartic acid at 45° C for 1 h, fumarase activity was almost completely eliminated without inactivation of the aspartase. The treated cells, immobilized in χ-carrageenan, were used for continuous production of l-aspartic acid from ammonium fumarate. The formation of l-malic acid was negligible and the half-life of the immobilized preparation was 126 days. Productivity of immobilized preparation of treated EAPc-7 cells in l-aspartic acid production was six times of that of the parent cell preparation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...