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  • 1
    ISSN: 1440-1681
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: 1. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is one of the active principles contained in Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. (Umbelliferae), a herb that has been used widely in China to treat vascular disorders.2. In an attempt to elucidate the possible mechanisms of action of TMP, the effect of TMP on intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) was investigated in cultured vascular smooth muscle (A7r5) cells using the Ca2+-sensitive dye Fura-2 as an indicator.3. The increase in [Ca2+]i in A7r5 cells produced by vasopressin (1 µmol/L) or phenylephrine (1 µmol/L) was attenuated by TMP in a concentration-dependent manner. Only inhibitors specific to ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels or small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SKCa) channels attenuated the action of TMP (10 µmol/L) on [Ca2+]i. However, blockers of other K+ channels failed to modify the inhibitory action of TMP (10 µmol/L) on [Ca2+]i.4. The action of TMP on membrane potential in A7r5 cells was monitored by the fluorescence of bisoxonol. Tetramethylpyrazine caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of changes in membrane potential elicited by KCl (20 mmol/L) or phenylephrine (1 µmol/L), an effect that was totally reversed by glibenclamide (100 µmol/L) and apamin (100 nmol/L) in combination.5. The results obtained indicate that the decrease in [Ca2+]i in A7r5 cells produced by TMP is mediated mainly by opening of KATP and/or SKCa channels.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1745-4565
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: We have previously screened lactic acid bacteria strains from porcine intestine and evaluated their functional properties. We found a strain of Lactobacillus acidophilus LAP5 is with potential for use as human and animal probiotics. However, the safety of the strain in consideration must be evaluated. The present study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of strain L. acidophilus LAP5 in Wistar rats by dietary administration at concentrations of 2.1 × 1011, 1.05 × 1011 and 4.2 × 109 CFU per kg body weight of rat per day for 28 days. There were no adverse effects on the general condition and behavior, growth, feed and water consumption, hematology, clinical chemistry indexes, organ weights and histopathologic analysis. Results of this study demonstrated that consumption of strain L. acidophilus LAP5 was not associated with any signs of toxicity in Wistar rats even following consumption of large quantities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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