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  • 1
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: salt-tolerant yeast ; Zygosaccharomyces rouxii ; Na+/H+ antiporter ; functional expression ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We reported in our previous paper on the characterization of the Na+/H+-antiporter gene (ZSOD2) closely related to the salt-tolerance of yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii. In the present paper, we have cloned a second gene (ZSOD22) of Na+/H+ antiporter from Z. rouxii. The deduced amino acid sequence of Zsod22p was highly homologous to that of Zsod2p, Sod2p from Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and Nha1p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The open reading frames (ORFs) from ZSOD2 or ZSOD22 were inserted into a yeast expression vector pYES2, and their constructs (pZSOD2 and pZSOD22) were used to transform the salt-sensitive S. cerevisiae. pZSOD2- or pZSOD22-harboring-recombinant S. cerevisiae cells showed increases in salt tolerance. However, the Z. rouxii disruptant of ZSOD22 did not show any phenotypes related to salt tolerance or osmotolerance, unlike that of ZSOD2. The transcriptional expression of ZSOD22 was not observed by Northern blot analysis even in Z. rouxii cells subjected to NaCl-shock. From these results we conclude that although Z. rouxii includes at least two copies of the Na+/H+-antiporter gene (ZSOD2 and ZSOD22), ZSOD2 encodes a functional product as an antiporter and ZSOD22 is poorly transcribed, if at all. The nucleotide sequence data of ZSOD22 will appear in the DDBJ, EMBL and GenBank nucleotide sequence databases with the following accession number: AB010106. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The effect of replacement of negatively charged amino acid residues on the function of Na+ transport proteins of the salt-tolerant yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii was examined by heterologous expression of mutant proteins in a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, RH16.6, that lacks native Na+-ATPase activity due to null mutations of ENA1, ENA2, ENA3, and ENA4. Mutants of Na+/H+ antiporter gene (ZrSOD2) and Na+-ATPase gene (ZrENA1) of Z. rouxii were generated by site-directed mutagenesis. The significance of two aspartic residues arranged in tandem (D265 and D266) was demonstrated in Z. rouxii Na+/H+ antiporter. Some Z. rouxii Na+-ATPase mutant genes, namely E778A, D852A, and E981A present in the transmembrane domains (TMDs) and D736A, D743A, D748A, D749A, D759A, and D760A present in the cytoplasmic space were constructed. A lower level of salt tolerance was bestowed by the mutant genes D852A and E981A present in TMDs and D748A and D749A present in cytoplasmic space, compared with the wild-type gene (ZrENA1).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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