Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary A novel antitumor compound, N-β-dimethylaminoethyl 9-carboxy-5-hydroxy-10-methoxybenzo[a]-phenazine-6-carboxamide sodium salt (NC-190) was evaluated for its antitumor activity in experimental murine tumor systems. In the initial studies with P388 leukemia (i.p.-i.p.), NC-190 led to an increase of 〉200% in life span (ILS), and 75% of the mice were alive on day 30, when the optimal dose (50 mg/kg, days 1–5) was given. Additionally, the compound had significant activities against i.p. inoculated mouse L1210 leukemia, B16 melanoma, M5076 reticulum cell sarcoma, sarcoma 180, mouse hepatoma MH134, and rat Yoshida sarcoma and Yoshida ascites hepatoma AH130. The optimal dose resulted in a 〉280% ILS with a 30-day survival of 50% in mice with L1210 leukemia (100 mg/kg, days 1–5), a 156% ILS in mice with B16 melanoma (50 mg/kg, days 1–5), a 98% ILS with a 90-day survival of 25% in mice with M5076 reticulum cell sarcoma (25 mg/kg, days 1, 5, 9, and 13), a 〉300% ILS with a 60-day survival of 50% in mice with sarcoma 180 (50 mg/kg, days 3–10), a 148% ILS with a 60-day survival of 25% in mice with MH134 (25 mg/kg, days 1–5), a 129% ILS with a 60-day survival of 12.5% in rats with Yoshida sarcoma (12.5 mg/kg, day 3–10), and a 〉161% ILS with a 60-day survival of 50% in rats with AH130 (6.3 mg/kg, days 3–10). In the experiments with s.c. inoculated tumors, NC-190 not only inhibited tumor growth, but also increased the life span of mice with Lewis lung carcinoma or B16 melanoma. The 60-day survivors accounted for 60% and 30% in mice with Lewis lung carcinoma and B16 melanoma, respectively. The compound significantly inhibited the spontaneous lung metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma by more than 90% when eight daily i.v. injections were given. NC-190 was active by the i.p., s.c., and i.v. routes. Five consecutive daily i.p. doses (days 1–5) were more effective than a single dose (day 1), two doses (days 1 and 5), or three doses (days 1, 5, and 9). NC-190 warrants further study as a potential antineoplastic agent against human neoplasms, as it has a broad spectrum of antitumor activity and inhibits metastasis.
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