Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A novel algorithm for computing the water/1-octanol partition coefficient, log P, of conformationally flexible molecules, has been investigated using calculations upon a number of uncharged, linear dipeptides. In this method (which appears to be the first to consider explicitly the effects of the population of accessible conformational minima in both phases), the partition coefficient for each dipeptide was calculated from the overall energy change associated with moving the relevant gas-phase conformational distribution into water and into 1-octanol. These energies were computed using solvation contributions based upon the solvent accessible molecular surface area and two sets of empirical parameters. In these initial studies, gas-phase conformational minima were generated using systematic search methods. While the standard error in the computed logP values was disappointing, reasonable agreement was observed between calculated and experimental logP values for the set of model dipeptides, especially when specific hydration interactions involving polar fragments were correctly included in the empirical solvation term. These results indicate that the physical basis of many correction factors employed in the ClogP algorithm for computing logP probably arise from neglect of the redistribution of conformer populations as flexible molecules partition between water and 1-octanol.
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