Sertoli cell secretory proteins
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract A high performance liquid chromatographic procedure has been used for the purification of rat Sertoli cell secretory protein S70 and S45-535 heterodimeric protein to determine their role during spermatogenesis. These two proteins display binding affinity for each other and appear antigenically related. We have observed that: 1. S70 and S45-S35 heterodimeric protein coelute during purification, 2. polyclonal antiserum raised against protein S70 recognizes common antigenic determinants in polypeptides S45 and S35, the disulfide-linked components of the heterodimeric protein, and 3. a monoclonal antibody that recognizes polypeptide S35 but does not crossreact with either protein S70 or polypeptide S45, immunoprecipitates the S70/S45-S35 heterodimeric protein complex. In immunofluorescent experiments, antisera raised against protein S70 and polypeptide components of S45-S35 heterodimeric protein immunoreact with two major sperm intracellular structures: the acrosome and periaxonemal outer dense fibers of sperm tail. Immunoreactivity was not detected on the sperm plasma membrane surface of unfixed, living sperm. Outer dense fibers extracted from sperm tails by a combined treatment with cetylthrimethylammonium bromide and 2-mercaptoethanol, yielded a characteristic polypeptide pattern. In immunoblotting experiments, sperm tail polypeptides were recognized by polyclonal antisera raised against Sertoli cell secretory proteins. We conclude that Sertoli cell secretory proteins S70 and S45-S35 heterodimeric protein are antigenically related to each other and to keratin-like polypeptides from sperm tail.
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