Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The determination of end groups in polystyrenes (PSts) polymerized anionically with n-butyllithium as the initiator was carried out by pyrolysis-gas chromatography (Py-GC). The relative proportions of the end groups decrease with increasing molecular weight (MW). Consequently, the peaks which reflect the structure of the end groups can be distinguished by comparing pyrograms of samples with different MW. By comparing the intensities of these peaks relative to total intensities of all the peaks in the pyrogram, the numberaverage molecular weight (Mn) of the polymer can be estimated. The observed Mn values of PSts estimated by this method are compared with those determined by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). By this method it was possible to make direct determination of Mn values of PSts with MWs between 1000 and ca. 1 million. Furthermore, the calibration curve produced by the relative intensity of one of the most characteristic peaks (2-phenyl-1-heptene; C4H9—CH2C (Ph) = CH2) for the end group to total intensity of all the peaks in the pyrogram, gave rapid and highly reproducible Mn values. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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