Thromboxane synthase inhibitor
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary When 50 mg CS-518, a novel thromboxane (TX) A2 synthase inhibitor, was orally administered to healthy male volunteers, the plasma concentration of CS-518 peaked after 0.5 h and then decreased with a half-life of 0.44 h. There was no significant change in the plasma concentration of circulating TXB2, whereas that of circulating 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dhTXB2), an enzymatic metabolite of TXB2, was significantly decreased from 0.5 h to 24 h after administration; the maximal decrease to about 25% of the pre-dose value was found at 6 h. After CS-518 100 mg b.d. for 4.5 days, plasma 11-dhTXB2 was suppressed to the same extent as after the single dose of 50 mg from 6 h after the initial dose throughout the administration period. The urinary excretion of 11-dhTXB2 corrected for the creatinine level was significantly decreased by 70–84% throughout the treatment. These results suggest that CS-518 causes long-lasting inhibition of TXA2 synthase despite its rapid elimination from plasma, and that circulating 11-dhTXB2 in plasma and its urinary excretion can serve as a quantitative index of TXA2 synthase inhibition in vivo by CS-518.
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