Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: We investigated for the first time the effect of lipopolysaccharide and the signal transduction pathway on the biosynthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin [(6R-l-erythro-1′,2′-dihydroxypropyl)-2-amino-4-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteridine], the cofactor for the enzymatic hydroxylation of the aromatic amino acids, in the murine neuroblastoma cell line N1E-115, which synthesizes tetrahydrobiopterin constitutively. Activation of N1E-115 cells with 1 µg/ml lipopolysaccharide resulted in statistically significant increases in both intracellular tetrahydrobiopterin contents and the activity (Vmax) of GTP cyclohydrolase I, a rate-limiting enzyme in tetrahydrobiopterin de novo biosynthesis. Following simultaneous addition of the inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinases and GTP-binding proteins into serum-free culture media with lipopolysaccharide, we analyzed the transduction pathway of lipopolysaccharide signal toward the tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthetic system in N1E-115 cells. Our data indicate the following conclusions: (a) Protein tyrosine kinase systems are involved in mediating lipopolysaccharide signal to tetrahydrobiopterin production, and (b) there may be a cross-talk between GTP-binding protein and the protein tyrosine kinase system in mediating lipopolysaccharide signal. These observations suggest that a neuronal cell such as N1E-115, which barely expresses CD14 on its cell surface, responds to lipopolysaccharide like macrophages and monocytes in the absence of soluble CD14.
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