Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract Environmental radioactivity has been investigated on the Montenegrin Coast (Yugoslavia). Radioactivity was measured on 14 beaches and 5 hinterland localities by a method of in situ gamma-spectrometry. At each measuring site two photon countings were performed — in ground and above it. Specific activities of40K,232Th,238U,137Cs and corresponding exposure rates were then obtained from gamma-spectra and appropriate radiation field models. The results show a washing out effect of the sea-water: radioactivity level on the beach is significantly lower than on its hinterland. In situ spectrometry was also performed inside 16 hotels on the Coast. Radioactivity of building materials is found to be 8 to 20 times lower than the limit permitted by regulations. In 12 of these hotels, indoor radon concentrations were measured with track etch detectors. Winter radon concentrations were in a range (22–90) Bq/m3, i.e., much below the most stringent reference level.
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