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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-07-23
    Description: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a frequent disease in which the genetic alterations determining the clinicobiological behaviour are not fully understood. Here we describe a comprehensive evaluation of the genomic landscape of 452 CLL cases and 54 patients with monoclonal B-lymphocytosis, a precursor disorder. We extend the number of CLL driver alterations, including changes in ZNF292, ZMYM3, ARID1A and PTPN11. We also identify novel recurrent mutations in non-coding regions, including the 3' region of NOTCH1, which cause aberrant splicing events, increase NOTCH1 activity and result in a more aggressive disease. In addition, mutations in an enhancer located on chromosome 9p13 result in reduced expression of the B-cell-specific transcription factor PAX5. The accumulative number of driver alterations (0 to 〉/=4) discriminated between patients with differences in clinical behaviour. This study provides an integrated portrait of the CLL genomic landscape, identifies new recurrent driver mutations of the disease, and suggests clinical interventions that may improve the management of this neoplasia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Puente, Xose S -- Bea, Silvia -- Valdes-Mas, Rafael -- Villamor, Neus -- Gutierrez-Abril, Jesus -- Martin-Subero, Jose I -- Munar, Marta -- Rubio-Perez, Carlota -- Jares, Pedro -- Aymerich, Marta -- Baumann, Tycho -- Beekman, Renee -- Belver, Laura -- Carrio, Anna -- Castellano, Giancarlo -- Clot, Guillem -- Colado, Enrique -- Colomer, Dolors -- Costa, Dolors -- Delgado, Julio -- Enjuanes, Anna -- Estivill, Xavier -- Ferrando, Adolfo A -- Gelpi, Josep L -- Gonzalez, Blanca -- Gonzalez, Santiago -- Gonzalez, Marcos -- Gut, Marta -- Hernandez-Rivas, Jesus M -- Lopez-Guerra, Monica -- Martin-Garcia, David -- Navarro, Alba -- Nicolas, Pilar -- Orozco, Modesto -- Payer, Angel R -- Pinyol, Magda -- Pisano, David G -- Puente, Diana A -- Queiros, Ana C -- Quesada, Victor -- Romeo-Casabona, Carlos M -- Royo, Cristina -- Royo, Romina -- Rozman, Maria -- Russinol, Nuria -- Salaverria, Itziar -- Stamatopoulos, Kostas -- Stunnenberg, Hendrik G -- Tamborero, David -- Terol, Maria J -- Valencia, Alfonso -- Lopez-Bigas, Nuria -- Torrents, David -- Gut, Ivo -- Lopez-Guillermo, Armando -- Lopez-Otin, Carlos -- Campo, Elias -- England -- Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):519-24. doi: 10.1038/nature14666. Epub 2015 Jul 22.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Departamento de Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular, Instituto Universitario de Oncologia (IUOPA), Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain. ; Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 08036 Barcelona, Spain. ; Unitat de Hematologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. ; Departament d'Anatomia Patologica, Microbiologia i Farmacologia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. ; Programa Conjunto de Biologia Computacional, Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Institut de Recerca Biomedica (IRB), Spanish National Bioinformatics Institute, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain. ; Research Unit on Biomedical Informatics, Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08003 Barcelona, Spain. ; Unidad de Genomica, IDIBAPS, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. ; Servicio de Hematologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. ; Institute for Cancer Genetics, Columbia University, New York 10032, USA. ; Servicio de Hematologia, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain. ; Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG), Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Hospital del Mar Research Institute (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain. ; Servicio de Hematologia, IBSAL-Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Centro de Investigacion del Cancer, Universidad de Salamanca-CSIC, 37007 Salamanca, Spain. ; Centro Nacional de Analisis Genomico, Parc Cientific de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain. ; Catedra Inter-Universitaria de Derecho y Genoma Humano, Universidad de Deusto, Universidad del Pais Vasco, 48007 Bilbao, Spain. ; Structural Biology and Biocomputing Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spanish National Bioinformatics Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain. ; Institute of Applied Biosciences, Center for Research and Technology Hellas, 57001 Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece. ; Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ; Servicio de Hematologia, Hospital Clinico de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26200345" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics ; Alternative Splicing/genetics ; B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein/biosynthesis/genetics ; B-Lymphocytes/metabolism ; Carrier Proteins/genetics ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; DNA, Neoplasm/genetics ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Mutation/*genetics ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics ; Nuclear Proteins/genetics ; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11/genetics ; Receptor, Notch1/genetics/metabolism ; Transcription Factors/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-01-29
    Description: 'Orang-utan' is derived from a Malay term meaning 'man of the forest' and aptly describes the southeast Asian great apes native to Sumatra and Borneo. The orang-utan species, Pongo abelii (Sumatran) and Pongo pygmaeus (Bornean), are the most phylogenetically distant great apes from humans, thereby providing an informative perspective on hominid evolution. Here we present a Sumatran orang-utan draft genome assembly and short read sequence data from five Sumatran and five Bornean orang-utan genomes. Our analyses reveal that, compared to other primates, the orang-utan genome has many unique features. Structural evolution of the orang-utan genome has proceeded much more slowly than other great apes, evidenced by fewer rearrangements, less segmental duplication, a lower rate of gene family turnover and surprisingly quiescent Alu repeats, which have played a major role in restructuring other primate genomes. We also describe a primate polymorphic neocentromere, found in both Pongo species, emphasizing the gradual evolution of orang-utan genome structure. Orang-utans have extremely low energy usage for a eutherian mammal, far lower than their hominid relatives. Adding their genome to the repertoire of sequenced primates illuminates new signals of positive selection in several pathways including glycolipid metabolism. From the population perspective, both Pongo species are deeply diverse; however, Sumatran individuals possess greater diversity than their Bornean counterparts, and more species-specific variation. Our estimate of Bornean/Sumatran speciation time, 400,000 years ago, is more recent than most previous studies and underscores the complexity of the orang-utan speciation process. Despite a smaller modern census population size, the Sumatran effective population size (N(e)) expanded exponentially relative to the ancestral N(e) after the split, while Bornean N(e) declined over the same period. Overall, the resources and analyses presented here offer new opportunities in evolutionary genomics, insights into hominid biology, and an extensive database of variation for conservation efforts.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3060778/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3060778/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Locke, Devin P -- Hillier, LaDeana W -- Warren, Wesley C -- Worley, Kim C -- Nazareth, Lynne V -- Muzny, Donna M -- Yang, Shiaw-Pyng -- Wang, Zhengyuan -- Chinwalla, Asif T -- Minx, Pat -- Mitreva, Makedonka -- Cook, Lisa -- Delehaunty, Kim D -- Fronick, Catrina -- Schmidt, Heather -- Fulton, Lucinda A -- Fulton, Robert S -- Nelson, Joanne O -- Magrini, Vincent -- Pohl, Craig -- Graves, Tina A -- Markovic, Chris -- Cree, Andy -- Dinh, Huyen H -- Hume, Jennifer -- Kovar, Christie L -- Fowler, Gerald R -- Lunter, Gerton -- Meader, Stephen -- Heger, Andreas -- Ponting, Chris P -- Marques-Bonet, Tomas -- Alkan, Can -- Chen, Lin -- Cheng, Ze -- Kidd, Jeffrey M -- Eichler, Evan E -- White, Simon -- Searle, Stephen -- Vilella, Albert J -- Chen, Yuan -- Flicek, Paul -- Ma, Jian -- Raney, Brian -- Suh, Bernard -- Burhans, Richard -- Herrero, Javier -- Haussler, David -- Faria, Rui -- Fernando, Olga -- Darre, Fleur -- Farre, Domenec -- Gazave, Elodie -- Oliva, Meritxell -- Navarro, Arcadi -- Roberto, Roberta -- Capozzi, Oronzo -- Archidiacono, Nicoletta -- Della Valle, Giuliano -- Purgato, Stefania -- Rocchi, Mariano -- Konkel, Miriam K -- Walker, Jerilyn A -- Ullmer, Brygg -- Batzer, Mark A -- Smit, Arian F A -- Hubley, Robert -- Casola, Claudio -- Schrider, Daniel R -- Hahn, Matthew W -- Quesada, Victor -- Puente, Xose S -- Ordonez, Gonzalo R -- Lopez-Otin, Carlos -- Vinar, Tomas -- Brejova, Brona -- Ratan, Aakrosh -- Harris, Robert S -- Miller, Webb -- Kosiol, Carolin -- Lawson, Heather A -- Taliwal, Vikas -- Martins, Andre L -- Siepel, Adam -- Roychoudhury, Arindam -- Ma, Xin -- Degenhardt, Jeremiah -- Bustamante, Carlos D -- Gutenkunst, Ryan N -- Mailund, Thomas -- Dutheil, Julien Y -- Hobolth, Asger -- Schierup, Mikkel H -- Ryder, Oliver A -- Yoshinaga, Yuko -- de Jong, Pieter J -- Weinstock, George M -- Rogers, Jeffrey -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Wilson, Richard K -- G0501331/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- HG002238/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- HG002385/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P01 AG022064/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM059290/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM59290/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG002939/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003079/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003079-08/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jan 27;469(7331):529-33. doi: 10.1038/nature09687.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Genome Center at Washington University, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. dlocke@wustl.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21270892" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Centromere/genetics ; Cerebrosides/metabolism ; Chromosomes ; Evolution, Molecular ; Female ; Gene Rearrangement/genetics ; Genetic Speciation ; *Genetic Variation ; Genetics, Population ; Genome/*genetics ; Humans ; Male ; Phylogeny ; Pongo abelii/*genetics ; Pongo pygmaeus/*genetics ; Population Density ; Population Dynamics ; Species Specificity
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-06-07
    Description: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the most frequent leukaemia in adults in Western countries, is a heterogeneous disease with variable clinical presentation and evolution. Two major molecular subtypes can be distinguished, characterized respectively by a high or low number of somatic hypermutations in the variable region of immunoglobulin genes. The molecular changes leading to the pathogenesis of the disease are still poorly understood. Here we performed whole-genome sequencing of four cases of CLL and identified 46 somatic mutations that potentially affect gene function. Further analysis of these mutations in 363 patients with CLL identified four genes that are recurrently mutated: notch 1 (NOTCH1), exportin 1 (XPO1), myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MYD88) and kelch-like 6 (KLHL6). Mutations in MYD88 and KLHL6 are predominant in cases of CLL with mutated immunoglobulin genes, whereas NOTCH1 and XPO1 mutations are mainly detected in patients with unmutated immunoglobulins. The patterns of somatic mutation, supported by functional and clinical analyses, strongly indicate that the recurrent NOTCH1, MYD88 and XPO1 mutations are oncogenic changes that contribute to the clinical evolution of the disease. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive analysis of CLL combining whole-genome sequencing with clinical characteristics and clinical outcomes. It highlights the usefulness of this approach for the identification of clinically relevant mutations in cancer.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322590/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322590/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Puente, Xose S -- Pinyol, Magda -- Quesada, Victor -- Conde, Laura -- Ordonez, Gonzalo R -- Villamor, Neus -- Escaramis, Georgia -- Jares, Pedro -- Bea, Silvia -- Gonzalez-Diaz, Marcos -- Bassaganyas, Laia -- Baumann, Tycho -- Juan, Manel -- Lopez-Guerra, Monica -- Colomer, Dolors -- Tubio, Jose M C -- Lopez, Cristina -- Navarro, Alba -- Tornador, Cristian -- Aymerich, Marta -- Rozman, Maria -- Hernandez, Jesus M -- Puente, Diana A -- Freije, Jose M P -- Velasco, Gloria -- Gutierrez-Fernandez, Ana -- Costa, Dolors -- Carrio, Anna -- Guijarro, Sara -- Enjuanes, Anna -- Hernandez, Lluis -- Yague, Jordi -- Nicolas, Pilar -- Romeo-Casabona, Carlos M -- Himmelbauer, Heinz -- Castillo, Ester -- Dohm, Juliane C -- de Sanjose, Silvia -- Piris, Miguel A -- de Alava, Enrique -- San Miguel, Jesus -- Royo, Romina -- Gelpi, Josep L -- Torrents, David -- Orozco, Modesto -- Pisano, David G -- Valencia, Alfonso -- Guigo, Roderic -- Bayes, Monica -- Heath, Simon -- Gut, Marta -- Klatt, Peter -- Marshall, John -- Raine, Keiran -- Stebbings, Lucy A -- Futreal, P Andrew -- Stratton, Michael R -- Campbell, Peter J -- Gut, Ivo -- Lopez-Guillermo, Armando -- Estivill, Xavier -- Montserrat, Emili -- Lopez-Otin, Carlos -- Campo, Elias -- 088340/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 093867/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jun 5;475(7354):101-5. doi: 10.1038/nature10113.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Departamento de Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular, Instituto Universitario de Oncologia, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21642962" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Carrier Proteins/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Humans ; Karyopherins/genetics ; Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation/*genetics ; Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/chemistry/genetics ; Receptor, Notch1/genetics ; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics ; Reproducibility of Results
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; GENOME ; PATHWAYS ; THERAPY ; GENE ; BREAST-CANCER ; prognosis ; MUTATION ; DATABASE ; MUTATIONS ; SOMATIC MUTATIONS ; tumours ; Type ; LANDSCAPES ; MYELOID-LEUKEMIA GENOME ; PROJECT ; CANCER-THERAPY ; MANAGEMENT ; SUBTYPES ; REPERTOIRE ; SCIENCE ; development
    Abstract: The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) was launched to coordinate large-scale cancer genome studies in tumours from 50 different cancer types and/or subtypes that are of clinical and societal importance across the globe. Systematic studies of more than 25,000 cancer genomes at the genomic, epigenomic and transcriptomic levels will reveal the repertoire of oncogenic mutations, uncover traces of the mutagenic influences, define clinically relevant subtypes for prognosis and therapeutic management, and enable the development of new cancer therapies
    Type of Publication: Miscellaneous publication
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  • 5
    Abstract: As whole-genome sequencing for cancer genome analysis becomes a clinical tool, a full understanding of the variables affecting sequencing analysis output is required. Here using tumour-normal sample pairs from two different types of cancer, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and medulloblastoma, we conduct a benchmarking exercise within the context of the International Cancer Genome Consortium. We compare sequencing methods, analysis pipelines and validation methods. We show that using PCR-free methods and increasing sequencing depth to approximately 100 x shows benefits, as long as the tumour:control coverage ratio remains balanced. We observe widely varying mutation call rates and low concordance among analysis pipelines, reflecting the artefact-prone nature of the raw data and lack of standards for dealing with the artefacts. However, we show that, using the benchmark mutation set we have created, many issues are in fact easy to remedy and have an immediate positive impact on mutation detection accuracy.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26647970
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-11-30
    Description: Genomic studies have recently identified RPS15 as a new driver gene in aggressive and chemorefractory cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). RPS15 encodes a ribosomal protein whose conserved C-terminal domain extends into the decoding center of the ribosome. We demonstrate that mutations in highly conserved residues of this domain affect protein stability, by increasing its ubiquitin-mediated degradation, and cell-proliferation rates. On the other hand, we show that mutated RPS15 can be loaded into the ribosomes, directly impacting on global protein synthesis and/or translational fidelity in a mutation-specific manner. Quantitative mass spectrometry analyses suggest that RPS15 variants may induce additional alterations in the translational machinery, as well as a metabolic shift at the proteome level in HEK293T and MEC-1 cells. These results indicate that CLL-related RPS15 mutations might act following patterns known for other ribosomal diseases, likely switching from a hypo- to a hyperproliferative phenotype driven by mutated ribosomes. In this scenario, loss of translational fidelity causing altered cell proteostasis can be proposed as a new molecular mechanism involved in CLL pathobiology.
    Keywords: Lymphoid Neoplasia
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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