Life and Medical Sciences
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
To identify common regulatory sequences in the promoters of genes, transcription of 31 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analysed during the transient response to a glucose pulse in a chemostat culture. mRNA levels were monitored during the subsequent excess glucose, ethanol and acetate phases, while other conditions were kept constant. This setup allowed a direct comparison between regulation by glucose, ethanol and acetate.Genes with identical regulation patterns were grouped to identify regulatory elements in the promoters. In respect to regulation on glucose four classes were identified: no transcription under any of the conditions tested, no difference in regulation on glucose, induced on glucose and repressed on glucose. In addition, genes were found that were repressed or induced on ethanol or acetate. Sequence alignment of genes with similar regulation patterns revealed five new, putative regulatory promoter elements. (i) The glucose-inducible fermentation genes PDC1 and ADH1 share the sequence ATACCTTCSTT. (ii) Acetate-repression might be mediated by the decamer CCCGAG RGGA, present in the promoters of ACS2 and ACR1. (iii) A specific element (CCWTTSRNCCG) for the glyoxylate cycle was present in seven genes studied: CIT2, ICL1, MLS1, MDH2, CAT2, ACR1 and ACH1. These genes were derepressed on ethanol or acetate. (iv) The sequence ACGTSCRGAATGA was found in the promoters of the partially ethanol-repressed genes ACS1 and YAT1. (v) Ethanol induction, as seen for ACS2, ADH3 and MDH1, might be mediated via the sequence CGGSGCCGRAG. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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