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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0568
    Keywords: Key words Apoptosis ; Stress protein ; Chondrocytes ; Immunohistochemistry ; TUNEL
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are known to be increased in response to stresses. Our immunohistochemical investigations revealed the strong expression of a wide range of HSPs in the chondrocytes of the tibial growth plate cartilage from young rats. HSP28 and HSP70 are expressed in the upper part of the hypertrophic zone of the growth plate cartilage. HSP110 are found from the proliferating zone to the hypertrophic zone. On the other hand, application of the TUNEL method has already shown apoptotic DNA fragmentation in the lower part of the proliferating zone. From then one, HSP expression in the chondrocytes may be correlated with apoptosis, but its possible relation with the different events occurring during the calcification process cannot be excluded.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aims:  To investigate whether epidermoid cysts, branchial cysts, craniopharyngiomas and cholesteatomas express S100 proteins differentially by immunohistochemical assaying the presence of S100A1, S100A2, S100A3, S100A4, S100A5, S100A6 and S100B.Methods and results:  Immunopositivity/negativity was recorded for each S100 protein in a series of 52 cases consisting of 12 epidermoid cysts, 12 branchial cysts, 15 adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas and 13 acquired cholesteatomas. Except in the case of the craniopharyngiomas, immunoreactivity was assessed independently in the basal membrane and the basal, the internal and the keratin layers. Our data show that in contrast to S100B, which was rarely expressed, S100A1, S100A2, S100A4 and S100A5 were often present in these four types of epithelial lesions. S100A3 and S100A6 and, to a lesser extent, S100A5 were the most differentially expressed proteins across the different histopathological groups analysed. These three proteins are expressed more often in craniopharyngiomas and cholesteatomas, the two more aggressive types of lesions.Conclusions:  This is the first study to report data on the expression of seven S100 proteins in different histopathological groups of epithelial head and neck lesions, whose precise embryological origins are still a matter of debate. S100 proteins could possibly be used as markers to target this embryonic origin, since our results show that S100A3 and S100A6 (and, to a lesser extent, S100A5) are expressed differentially across these different groups of epithelial lesions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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