Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary The heat resistance of Salmonella senftenberg 775 W, NCTC 9959, has been determined in distilled water pH 6.5 at sucrose concentrations up to 2.20 mol l−1 at temperatures between 63 and 70°C. Surviving cells were counted on minimal and enriched agar media to investigate the influence of the various nutrients on the recovery of heat injured cells. At various sucrose concentrations and temperatures multiphasic exponential parts of inactivation curves were found. Systematic differences between the recovery media depended on sucrose concentration, temperature and phase of exponential inactivation. At 60°C and sucrose concentrations between 0.52 and 1.82 mol l−1 the relationship between inactivation rate and sucrose concentration could be described by the equation ln k5=ln k0-αT [sucrose]. The activation energy of thermal inactivation reactions, substantially decreased when sucrose (1.82 mol l−1) was added to the heating menstruum. The activation energies in different recovery agars were of the same order, which suggests that the critical sites in heat inactivation are not key enzymes of the synthetic pathways of amino-acids and nucleotides. The differences between activation energies, calculated for cells of the various exponential phases of inactivation in both non-sucrose and 1.82 mol sucrose per 1 heating media, were also small, further suggesting that these critical sites are the same in cells from the various phases. Compared to published data on the heat resistance of S. senftenberg 775 W, we found a decreased resistance in a non-sucrose medium but an equal or increased resistance, depending on the phase of exponential inactivation, at a sucrose concentration of 1.82 mol l−1.
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