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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract From filtrates of an oxytetracycline-producing culture of Streptomyces rimosus a deoxyribonuclease was purified to homogeneity and determined to be a potent endo-DNase. It is a monomeric, basic protein (Mr ≈ 21 000; pI ≈ 9.5) stable in a broad pH range but unstable to higher temperature. The enzyme has an absolute requirement for Mg2 + or Mn2 +, and for its full activity requires free SH groups and a low-ionic-strength environment. Its N-terminal primary structure differs from that of other nucleases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary A purification procedure for an extracellular α-amylase from Streptomyces rimosus, oxytetracycline-producing strain, is described. The enzyme obtained was shown to be an acidic (pI 4.75) monomer with a relative molecular mass (Mr) of 43 000, containing three cysteines involved in the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Its amino-terminal part has 57–67% homology with amylases from other Streptomyces species. S. rimosus α-amylase is sensitive to higher temperatures, and partially stabilized by Ca2+ ions. It hydrolyses starch (optimum at pH 5.0–6.0) in an endohydrolase manner giving rise to maltotriose, maltotetraose and higher oligosaccharides. Starch granules, except those from rice, were not significantly affected by the isolated α-amylase.
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