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  • 1
    ISSN: 1613-9674
    Keywords: Maxillary sinusitis ; Malignant tumor ; Maxilla ; Bone destruction ; Computed tomography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We used CT to examine the bone destruction sites of the entire bone wall of the maxillary sinus in cases of malignant tumors of the maxilla and in maxillary sinusitis cases to investigate the differences between the destructive findings of the bone of both patient groups. The study subjects consisted of 13 patients with malignant tumors of the maxilla and 45 patients with maxillary sinusitis. Destruction of the bone wall was seen in 100% of the patients with malignant tumor of maxilla patients and in 57.8% with the maxillary sinusitis, hence showing a significantly higher incidence in malignant tumors of the maxilla. Neither group of patients exhibited disease-specific characteristics of their bone destruction. The incidence of posterolateral bone destruction in patients with malignant tumor of the maxilla patients was 61.5%, while it was significanty lower at 23.1% in the maxillary sinusitis patients. The number of bone walls affected was 2 or more walls in 84.5% of the malignant tumor patients of the maxilla patients and in 42.3% of the maxillary sinusitis patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: arteriovenous malformation ; pancreas ; duodenal ulcer ; color Doppler ultrasonography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We report the color Doppler ultrasonography features of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the pancreas, a very rare disease. The patient was a 52-year-old man with congenital AVM of the pancreas and a duodenal ulcer that had been resistant to medication. Endoscopic color Doppler ultrasonography (color Doppler EUS) revealed many abnormal color signals showing pulsatile wave form at the portion of the duodenal wall involving the duodenal ulcer. Extracorporeal color Doppler ultrasonography revealed a mosaic-like color signal, caused by turbulent flow, in the portal trunk. Angiography demonstrated a vascular network with extensive proliferation at the pancreatic head and early portal filling. It is possible that the pancreatic AVM had caused the duodenal ulcer. Color Doppler EUS can be a useful modality for detection of vessel abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1459
    Keywords: Key words Central amplification ; Somatosensory evoked potentials ; Transcutaneous electrical nerve ; stimulation (TENS)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the central nervous system amplification process was investigated focusing on the dorsal column-medial lemniscal pathway, because the dorsal column nucleus was recently shown to receive multiple sources of sensory information, including pain. Short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) were recorded in ten healthy normal volunteers. Amplitude changes in each SSEP component (the N9 brachial plexus potential, the P14 potential that originates from the cervicomedullary junction, spinal N13/P13 generated by the cervical dorsal horn and the cortical N20/P25 potential) were studied at stimulus strenghts ranging from the threshold (40% maximum stimulus) to 2.5 times the threshold (maximum). The findings suggest that sensory amplification begins at the P14 generator source near the cuneate nucleus. There was no statistically significant difference in sensory amplification between P14 and cortical N20/P25, indicating that the cuneate nucleus is the main site of the central amplifying process. When TENS was applied to the palm distal to the median nerve stimulation used for SSEP, cortical N20/P25 amplification disappeared, evidence that TENS suppresses the central amplification phenomenon, most probably at the level of the cuneate nucleus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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