Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Locusta migratoria adults reared at 27–30°C die after 2 h at 50°C, but they survive this temperature stress if first exposed to 45°C for 0.5 to 4.5 h. Fat bodies from adult females produce a set of at least six specific polypeptides with molecular weights of 81, 73, 68, 42, 28, and 24×103 in reponse to heat shock (39–47°C for 1.5 h). These molecular weights closely match those of the heat shock proteins (hsps) observed inDrosophila, with the possible exception of the 42 kd protein of locusts. The optimal temperature for induction of hsps in locusts is 45°C, which is one of the highest heat shock temperatures reported in metazoans. The correspondence between the optimal temperature for hsp induction and the temperature at which enhanced heat tolerance is acquired (both 45 °C) suggests that the hsps may be associated with thermal protection in these insects. There appears to be no substantial translational control in the locust heat shock response, since other proteins are produced, albeit with some reduction, under heat shock conditions. Vitellogenin synthesis in fat bodies at 45°C is 55% of that observed at 30°C. The high optimal heat shock induction temperature and the continued synthesis of non-heat shock proteins may be adaptive to the locust's natural environment.
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