Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The α subunit of guanine nucleotide-binding protein Go(Goα), which was initially isolated from bovine brain, interacts with muscarinic cholinergic receptors and regulates neuronal calcium channels. Goα is known to be localized in neural tissues, some endocrine cells, and neuroendocrine tumors. We have immunohistochemically investigated the expression of Goα in 4 cases of Merkel cell carcinoma using the method of microwave treatment. In all cases of Merkel cell carcinoma, Goα was consistently detected on the plasma membrane and cytoplasm of the tumor cells. Nerve fibers in the skin were also positive for Goα, but other epidermal or dermal components such as keratinocytes, melanocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoid cells were negative. Tumor cells of squamous cell carcinoma, cutaneous lymphoma, sweat gland carcinoma, and malignant melanoma were negative for Go4aL. The present study indicates that Goα may be a useful immunohistochemical marker of Merkel cell carcinoma.
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