Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1740-8261
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The Clinical, radiologic and echocardiographic findings in a one-year old dog with mild subvalvular aortic stenosis and aberrant caudal vena circulation are described. Aberrant systemic venous return to the right side of the heart usually has little clinical significance, but the unusual features in survey radiographs, contrast angiograms and contrast echocardiograms constitute the reasons for this report.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Acrosome reaction ; Signal transduction ; Pertussis toxin ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Mammalian sperm possess a guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein), with properties similar to Gi, that appears to be involved in the signal transduction pathway required for zona pellucida (ZP)-mediated acrosomal exocytosis. Mouse sperm treated with pertussis toxin (PT), a toxin that functionally inactivates Gi proteins, bind to the ZP of mouse eggs but are inhibited from undergoing acrosomal exocytosis. We have measured high-affinity GTPase activity and GTPγ[35S] binding in mouse sperm homogenates incubated in the absence and presence of ZP glycoproteins isolated from either ovulated eggs or from ovarian homogenates to determine whether this extracellular matrix can activate the sperm-associated Gi protein. An increase in GTP hydrolysis (∼50% over basal activity) and GTPγ[35S] binding (∼25-60% over basal activity) is observed when sperm homogenates are incubated in the presence of solubilized ZP glycoproteins, and the increase in GTPase activity is dependent on the concentration of ZP added to the homogenates. Accompanying this increase is a reduction in the ability of PT to catalyze in vitro [32P]ADP-ribosylation of a Mr = 41,000 sperm Gi protein, suggesting that the increase in GTPase activity and GTPγ[35S] binding is associated with the activation of a PT-sensitive sperm G protein(s). The ability of the ZP to stimulate high-affinity GTPase activity in these homogenates appears to be dependent on the capacitation state of the sperm from which the homogenates are prepared. These data suggest that a component(s) of the ZP may function in a manner similar to that of other ligands by binding to a sperm surface-associated receptor and subsequently activating a G protein coupled to an intracellular signal transduction cascade(s) required for induction of acrosomal exocytosis.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1476-4431
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Objective: To determine endogenous serum insulin concentration in dogs with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and to compare it to endogenous serum insulin concentration in diabetic dogs with ketonuria but no acidosis (KDM), diabetic dogs with uncomplicated diabetes mellitus (DM) that did not have ketonuria or acidosis, and dogs with non-pancreatic disease (NP).Design: Prospective study.Setting: Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.Animals: Forty-four client-owned dogs; 20 dogs with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (7 dogs with DKA, 6 dogs with KDM, and 7 dogs with DM) and 24 dogs with non-pancreatic disease.Interventions: Blood and urine samples were obtained at the time of admission to the hospital.Measurements and main results: Signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, and concurrent disease were recorded for all dogs. Blood glucose concentration, venous blood pH, venous blood HCO3− concentration, urinalysis, and endogenous serum insulin concentration were determined in all dogs. Dogs with DKA have significantly decreased endogenous serum insulin concentrations compared to dogs with DM (P = 0.03) and dogs with non-pancreatic disease (P = 0.0002), but not compared to dogs with KDM (P = 0.2). Five of 7 dogs with DKA had detectable endogenous serum insulin concentrations, and 2 of these dogs had endogenous serum insulin concentration within the normal range.Conclusions: Diabetic dogs with ketoacidosis have significantly decreased endogenous serum insulin concentration compared to dogs with uncomplicated diabetes mellitus. However, most dogs with DKA have detectable endogenous serum insulin concentrations, and some dogs with DKA have endogenous serum insulin concentrations within the normal range.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Sperm ; Signal transduction ; G protein ; Zona pellucida ; Receptor ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Mammalian sperm possess guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) that are involved in signal transduction pathways leading to zona pellucida (ZP)-mediated acrosomal exocytosis. We have previously examined ZP-G protein dynamics in mouse sperm homogenates, as well as cell-free membrane preparations, and our data support the existence of ZP receptor-G protein complexes in sperm membranes. However, the composition of this complex has not been identified due to experimental limitations of the membrane preparations. In the present study, a detergent-solubilized preparation from mouse sperm membranes that retained the signaling properties of cell homogenates and cell-free membrane preparations was developed using buffers containing digitonin and cholate. GTPγS, a poorly hydrolyzable analogue of GTP, bound to these solubilized preparations in a specific and concentration-dependent fashion that reached saturation at 100 nM. Incubation of this solubilized membrane preparation with heat-solubilized ZP resulted in an increase in specific GTPγS binding in a concentration-dependent manner, with a maximal response at 4-6 ZP/μl. Mastoparan (50 μM) increased GTPγS binding to levels similar to that seen with solubilized ZP. Mastoparan plus ZP stimulated GTPγS binding to the same extent as mastoparan or ZP alone. Pertussis toxin completely inhibited ZP-stimulated GTPγS binding and decreased mastoparan-stimulated GTPγS binding by 50-60%. Purified ZP3, the ZP component that possesses quantitatively all of the sperm binding and acrosomal exocytosis-inducing activities of the intact ZP, stimulated GTPγS binding to an extent similar to that of solubilized ZP. The properties of this solubilized membrane preparation are similar to those found in the cell homogenates and cell-free membrane preparations, suggesting that the components involved in ZP3-mediated signal transduction are effectively solubilized and are responsive to the ZP3 ligand. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...