Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Alkaline phosphatase immunochemical systems were evaluated for use in the demonstration ofin situ hybridized biotin-labelled probes in frozen and fixed sections of tonsil. Three probes were used: total genomic DNA, pHY2.1, a human repetitive sequence which hybridizes to a 2.12 KB sequence on the Y chromosome (2000 repeats) and a 2.0 KB sequence on the autosomes (100–200 repeats), and human papilloma virus type II. Indirect, three- and five-stage detection methods were compared on cryostat sections. The indirect method involved the application of a streptavidin, biotinylated alkaline phosphatase sequence. The three-stage procedure comprised a mouse monoclonal anti-biotin, rabbit anti-(mouse immunoglobulin), mouse APAAP system. In the five-stage method the indirect and three-stage reagents were sequentially applied. Alkaline phosphatase was demonstrated using a Fast Red naphthol-capture method. The total genomic DNA probe was used initially to investigate hybridization conditions including the optimum temperature of denaturation, which was found to be higher than previously reported. The five-stage detection method gave the most sensitive results for the Y sequence probe, with intense demonstration of the Y body in male nuclei and autosomal sequences in female nuclei. This method was then applied to fixed tissue sections and gave Y body signals on Bouin's and Carnoy's fixed tissue. On the other hand tissue fixed using formalin-based solutions required proteolytic digestion as a pretreatment to hybridization for a Y body signal. The application of this methodology to viral diagnosis in routine fixed anogenital tissue and cytological preparations was also demonstrated.
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