Cobalamin binding protein
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Cobalamin binding activity occurred in the soluble fraction (69%) and the membrane fraction (31%) of Euglena mitochondria. The mitochondrial soluble cobalamin binding protein was purified about 580-fold in a yield of 34%; the membrane-bound cobalamin binding protein was solubilized with 2 M urea and partially purified. Both purified mitochondrial cobalamin binding proteins showed low pH dependency for activity. The pH optima of the soluble and membrane-bound cobalamin binding proteins were in the vicinity of 7.0 and 6.0–8.0, respectively. The K s values of the soluble and membrane-bound cobalamin binding proteins for cyanocobalamin were 0.3 and 0.9 nM, respectively. Neither mitochondrial cobalamin binding proteins required metal ions for activity, but the activity of the soluble and membrane-bound cobalamin binding proteins was inhibited by 1 mM Mn2+, 48% and 89%, respectively. Molecular weight of the soluble cobalamin binding protein was calculated to be 93,000. The physiological roles of both mitochondrial cobalamin binding proteins were discussed on the basis of their properties and location in Euglena mitochondria.
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