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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The presenting features of edentulous subjects who have undergone hemimandibulectomy for the removal of squamous cell carcinoma of the mouth are described. Suggested methods of prosthetic treatment are discussed and the means of assessing problems of speech and swallowing with sequential radiography are reported.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The 15 patients included in this study each had 2-6 permucosal Branemark osseointegrated implants that had functioned successfully for 18 months or more. They were given a full oral examination which included measurements of probing depth and gingival, bleeding and plaque indices around the implants. Marginal bone reduction during the functional life of the implants was estimated from radiographs. At a separate visit, peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF) was collected on filter paper strips from the deepest probing site of each implant. PISF volumes were measured and the samples eluted into buffer. Protease activities in the eluates were determined by fluorimetric assay with peptidyl derivatives of 7-amino-4-trifluoromethyl coumarin. Enzyme levels followed the order: cathepsin B/L 〉 elastase 〉 dipeptidyl peptidase IV 〉 trypsin-like activity. Total enzyme activities and concentrations both correlated positively with all clinical parameters in linear regression analysis. This was true on both a patient level using mean patient values and a site level using pooled patient data. Nearly all of the site level correlations were statistically significant, though coefficients were generally higher for total enzyme activities than concentrations. Elastase-like activity gave the best overall correlations of the different proteases measured. Amongst the clinical parameters, correlations were generally best with gingival index and bone reduction. Total enzyme activities had good diagnostic specificity and sensitivity as predictors of clinical parameters and the figures were especially high for elastase-like activity as a marker of bone reduction. PISF proteases may thus be of value in monitoring tissue responses to osseointegrated implants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  The allergen-induced early asthmatic response [provocation concentration (PC)20, the concentration causing a 20% forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV)1 fall] depends on the level of IgE sensitivity and the degree of nonallergic airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and can be predicted from histamine PC20 and allergen skin test endpoint.Objectives:  We examined the relationships between allergen PC20, methacholine PC20, and allergen skin test endpoint and assessed the accuracy of both the histamine PC20-based prediction of allergen PC20 (using methacholine) and a new methacholine PC20-based prediction equation.Methods:  From 158 allergen challenges, the allergen PC20, the methacholine PC20, and the skin test endpoint were recorded and relationships between these three were sought. We compared the measured allergen PC20 to that predicted from the previous histamine PC20-based and the new methacholine-based formulae.Results:  In single regressions, allergen PC20 correlated with both methacholine PC20 (r = 0.25, P = 0.0015) and skin test endpoint (r = 0.52, P 〈 0.00005). The relationship was improved by multiple regression of log-allergen PC20vs. log-methacholine PC20 and log-endpoint (r = 0.61, P 〈 0.00005). The histamine-based formula predicted allergen PC20 to within 2 doubling concentrations in 80% and within 3 in 92%. The new methacholine-based formula to within 2 and 3 concentrations in 81% and 94%, respectively; only nine of 158 subjects were outside the 3 concentrations.Conclusions:  We have confirmed the dependence of the allergen-induced early asthmatic response upon the level of allergic sensitivity and the degree of AHR, the latter as assessed by methacholine challenge. The allergen PC20 can be predicted to within 3 doubling concentrations in 94% of cases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-2614
    Keywords: Measurement techniques: electrodes, oxygen ; Eye: conjunctiva ; Oxygen: hypoxia, hyperoxia, tension
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Using a miniaturized Clark electrode embedded in a polymethylmethacrylate eyepiece, we measured transconjunctival oxygen tension (PcjO2) in 5 healthy volunteer subjects at multiple levels of steady-state isocapnic hypoxia, normoxia, and hyperoxia. PcjO2 was linearly related to arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) as PaO2 ranged from 28 to 205 mm Hg (PcjO2=0.59 PaO2+0.36 mm Hg;r=0.94; standard error of the estimate=7.09 mm Hg). However, the relationships between PcjO2 and PaO2 varied significantly among subjects. Whereas the overall mean ratio of PcjO2 to PaO2 was 0.59, the mean ratio for subjects ranged from 0.47 to 0.79 and was significantly different among subjects (P〈0.0001). The time response of the electrode to a step change in oxygen tension in vitro was exponential, with a 90% response time of 38 seconds after a lag of 3.7 seconds. The time responses to in vivo changes in oxygen tension were also exponential. From hypoxia to normoxia, 90% response time was 45.0 seconds after a lag of 5.1 seconds; from room air to hypoxia, 90% response time was 72.4 seconds after a lag of 30.3 seconds; from room air to hyperoxia, 90% response time was 87.2 seconds after a lag of 6.8 seconds. We conclude that, although PcjO2 measured by a miniaturized Clark electrode is linearly related to PaO2 in healthy subjects, variation in the relationship of PcjO2 to PaO2 among individuals will prevent precise estimation of PaO2 for any individual unless subject-specific calibration is performed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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