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  • 1
    ISSN: 1530-0358
    Keywords: Anus ; High-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion ; Carcinoma ; Proliferation ; Apoptosis ; Microvessel density
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract PURPOSE: Management of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions is controversial. Anal and cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions are similar in that they occur in transitional squamous epithelium, are associated with human papilloma virus infection, and have increased incidence in the immunocompromised population. Ablation of cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions is preferred, but similar ablation or excision of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions may compromise bowel control; thus, there is a need to define the malignant potential of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. METHODS: We analyzed 50 paraffin sections of normal anoderm, anal low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and anal squamous-cell carcinoma. Microvessels were detected immunohistochemically with von Willebrand factor and counted manually along the epithelial-stromal junction. Proliferation and apoptosis were determined in the epithelial cells with MIB-1 antibody immunostaining and the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated digoxigenin-11-dUTP nick end labeling, respectively. RESULTS: Microvascular density was significantly greater in anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (mean, 0.50 vessels/cm)vs. normal anoderm (mean, 0.21 vessels/cm;P=0.0017, Mann-WhitneyU test). The proliferative percentages were greater in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and squamous-cell carcinoma (mean, 20.4, 21.8, and 23.6 percent)vs. normal anoderm (mean, 14.4 percent), although not significantly (P=0.06, Kruskal-Wallis statistic). Although the mean proliferative proportions were similar in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, the apoptotic proportion was lower for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions than low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (10.13vs. 19.96 percent, respectively;P=NS, Mann-WhitneyU test). CONCLUSIONS: Angiogenesis, increased proliferation, and decreased apoptosis occur in anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions as they do in the cervix before the development of malignancy. These biologic markers support the importance of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions as a potential premalignant lesion warranting surgical intervention.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: SGLT1 ; intestinal adaptation ; intestinal absorption ; Thiry-Vella loop
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In awake dogs, meal ingestion stimulates the absorption of water and electrolytes from neurovascularly intact jejunal Thiry-Vella loops, even though these loops are isolated from the remainder of the gut. This study was designed to investigate the role of Na+–glucose cotransport in mediating this event. Meal ingestion enhanced absorption when the jejunal lumen was perfused with an isotonic solution containing d-glucose, d-galactose, or 3-O-methylglucose. This response was absent when the perfusate contained mannitol or when phlorizin was added to the d-glucose solution. Mucosa from the jejunal loops was serially biopsied and assayed for brush-border Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) mRNA and protein expression. Although no changes in SGLT1 mRNA levels were observed, protein levels significantly increased within 30 min following meal ingestion. The time course of SGLT1 protein expression corresponded with that of increased Na+ and water absorption. These results suggest that meal-stimulated jejunal absorption may be mediated through an induction of mucosal SGLT1.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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