Key words. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis; mass spectrometry; cell transformation.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. Signalling via the protein kinase Raf-MEK-ERK pathway is of major importance for transformation by oncogenes. To identify genes affected by inhibition of this pathway, c-JUN transformed rat fibroblasts were treated with a MEK1 inhibitor (PD98059) and subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis after cell lysis. Gene products with expression influenced by MEK1 inhibition were determined by mass spectrometry of fragments from in-gel tryptic digestions. The expression of pirin, a nuclear factor I-interacting protein, was lowered after inhibition of MEK1. Western blot analysis revealed increased expression of pirin in RAS and c-JUN transformed cells in the absence of PD98059. Inhibition of MEK1 also led to reduced expression of α-enolase, phosphoglycerate kinase, elongation factor 2 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A3, the latter two being detected as truncated proteins. In contrast, the level of ornithine aminotransferase was increased. We conclude that inhibition of MEK1 results in major alterations of protein expression in c-JUN transformed cells, suggesting that this pathway is important for oncogene-induced phenotypic changes.
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