Preprophase band of microtubles
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary To date it has been accepted that preprophase bands of microtubules (PPBs) either do not precede cell division or do so inconsistently in suspension cultures, the assumption being that such cultures proliferate in an “unorganized” state in which placement of cell plates is not regulated by the PPB system that is widespread in organized tissues. Using indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with antitubulin, the relative frequency of occurrence of PPBs in enzymatically separated cells from root tips and suspension cultures of carrot and tobacco, was quantified by taking the ratio of the number of PPBs: phragmoplast. This ratio was termed the “PPB index”. One carrot suspension culture proliferated in a medium containing 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and recognizable stages in somatic embryogenesis formed when 2,4-D was removed from the medium. Another carrot suspension culture was nonembryogenic and removal of 2,4-D resulted in a reduction of cell division and increase in cell elongation. The tobacco culture was a cytokinin habituated cell line and also required 2,4-D to maintain cell division. It ceased proliferation, and cell elongation took place if 2,4-D was removed. The PPB index in the root tips from both species, and in both types of carrot suspension culture was approximately the same but was approx. 15-fold lower in the tobacco suspension. PPBs in the tobacco suspension were atypical in structure as well as sparse in numbers. The PPB index allows quantitative comparisons between different tissues to be made. The low PPB index and the irregular PPBs in the tobacco suspension correlates with its inability to undergo organized morphogenesis and generate spatially defined cell lineages upon 2,4-D removal. In contrast, the high PPB index in the carrot suspension cultures correlates with their potential for organized embryo formation, whether or not that potential is realized by withdrawal of 2,4-D. However, their high PPB index is not obligatorily coupled to embryogenesis.
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