Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
We have used the techniques of microdialysis and in vivo voltammetry to monitor striatal dopamine and ascorbate, as well as motor activity in unanaesthetized, freely-moving rats. Systemic administration of the non-selective dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) caused a decrease in dopamine, an increase in ascorbate, stereotyped behaviour and a generalized increase in motor activity. Separate systemic applications of the D2 receptor agonist SKF 38393 (10 mg/kg, s.c.) and the D2 receptor agonist Quinpirole (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) caused a decrease in dopamine but had no effect on ascorbate or motor activity. After coadministration of these drugs, there was an increase in both ascorbate and motor activity. Local application of apomorphine (0.01 mM) caused a reduction in dopamine similar to that seen following systemic application but had no effect on ascorbate or motor activity. The present results demonstrate that dopamine, via D1 and D2 receptors outside the striatum, plays an important role in the control of ascorbate release. These results lend further support to the hypothesis that changes in ascorbate levels are an index of glutamatergic neurotransmission.
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