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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Hematopoiesis ; Stem cells ; Mathematical model ; Hypoxia ; Posthypoxia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A previously described mathematical model of the hematopoietic stem cell system has been extended to permit a detailed understanding of the data during and after hypoxia. The model includes stem cells, erythroid and granuloid progenitors and precursors. Concerning the intramedullary feedback mechanisms two basic assumptions are made: 1) The fraction “a” of CFU-S in active cell cycle is regulated. Reduced cell densities of CFU-S, progenitors or precursors lead to an accelerated stem cell cycling. Enlarged cell densities suppress cycling. 2) The self renewal probability “p” of CFU-S is also regulated. The normal steady state is described by p=0.5, indicating that on statistical average each dividing mother stem cell is replaced by one daughter stem cell, while the second differentiates. Diminished cell densities of CFU-S or enlarged densities of progenitors and precursors induce a more intensive self renewal (p〉0.5), such that the stem cell number increases. The self renewal probability declines (p〈0.5) if too many CFU-S or too few progenitors and precursors are present. The model reproduces bone marrow data for CFU-S, BFU-E, CFU-C, CFU-E, 59 Fe-uptake and nucleated cells in hypoxia and posthypoxia. Although the ratio of differentiation into the erythroid and granuloid cell lines is kept constant in the model, a changing ratio of CFU-E and CFU-C results. The model suggests that stem cells and progenitor cells are regulated by a regulatory interference of erythropoiesis and granulopoiesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of pest science 30 (1957), S. 183-185 
    ISSN: 1612-4766
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Einleitend wird ein Verzeichnis von Termitenarten tropischer Länder gegeben, welche nach Europa verschleppt wurden, aber hier im Freiland nicht lebensfähig sind. Zootermopsis angusticollis (Hagen) aus dem westlichen Nordamerika, eine Feuchtholztermite, wurde in frisch importierten Stammabschnitten 1955 in England in Douglasie, 1956 in Hamburg in Lawsonzypresse gefunden. —Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar), die in Hamburg eingebürgerte Gelbfußtermite, konnte in Mannheim in zahlreichen Kolonien in den äußeren Borkenschichten vonPinus echinata-Stammabschnitten festgestellt werden. Die betreffenden Hölzer waren am 29. Nov. 1956 in Norfolk, Virginia, verladen worden und am 4. Jan. 1957 angekommen. In Mannheim wurde der Einschleppungsweg bis zu seinem Endpunkte sichtbar: Durch das Wegbringen der abgeschälten Borke als Brennstoff in die Wohnhäuser, ist eine direkte Einpflanzung des Schädlings denkbar. —Im mittleren Rheingebiete muß die Gelbfußtermite, an geheimgehaltenem Orte eingebürgert sein. Die nachgewiesenen neuen Termitenpunkte, umspannnend den weiten Landraum Mittelrhein-Hallein-Berlin-Hamburg, sind eine ernste, kein optimistisches Zuwarten rechtfertigende Warnung, wie drohend in Wirklichkeit die wirtschaftliche Gefahr der Ausbreitung dieses Schädlings in Mitteleuropa geworden ist, der angesiedelt, seiner Bekämpfung fast unüberwindliche Schwierigkeiten entgegensetzt. Die Erwartung, nur warme Landschaften seien der Einbürgerung zugänglich, wird entkräftet durch den im Nordalpenzuge gelegenen volksstarken Halleiner Fundpunkt. Einen weiteren neuen Zug bringt die EntdeckungSchmidt's in das gängige Bild, daß die Gelbfußtermite zu einer primären Schadtätigkeit in Sträuchern und Bäumen befähigt ist, in einer Art, die vielleicht sogar im Walde von Bedeutung werden könnte.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Indoor air 15 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 59 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  The study of partners can help to understand the impact of environmental influences on the development of allergies. We aimed to test the hypothesis that subjects whose partners have hay fever are at increased risk for the same disease and that the risk increases with the time subjects live together with an affected partner.Methods:  A nested unmatched case–control study was performed in a random sample of 4261 inhabitants, aged 25–74 years, of the City of Augsburg, Germany, and two adjacent counties. Using standardized computer-assisted face-to-face interviews, we determined the risk of doctor-diagnosed hay fever in subjects who lived together with a partner having the same disease as opposed to subjects living with an unaffected partner. Furthermore, the risk of doctor-diagnosed hay fever depending on the time the subjects had lived together with an affected partner was calculated.Results:  After adjustment for age, sex, parental predisposition and social status, the risk of hay fever was more than double in subjects who lived together with a partner having the same disease (odds ratio, ORadj., 2.41; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.48–3.92). If subjects lived together with an affected partner, the risk of developing the disease increased with the time the partners lived together (1–11 years, OR 1; 12–23 years, OR 1.8; 24–35 years, OR 7.4; 36–54 years, OR 13.7).Conclusion:  The risk of developing hay fever is significantly elevated in subjects who live together with a partner having the same disease. The risk further increases with the time the partners live together. This points to important shared environmental influences or behaviours and raises speculations on a transmissible cause.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 58 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Recent cross-sectional studies suggested that highest sensitization prevalences occur with moderate cat allergen exposures. We aimed to assess the impact of moderate levels of second-hand cat allergen exposure on the incidence of specific sensitization and wheezing in the framework of a birth cohort study. Therefore we restricted our analysis to infants without a cat at home since birth.Methods: At infant's age 3 months, cat allergen levels were measured in the mattress dust of 1840 families without cats. At age 2 years, serum IgE specific to Fel d 1 was analyzed. Incidence of wheezing apart from respiratory infection was assessed by questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (OR) for the association between second-hand cat allergen exposure and health outcomes.Results: Until age 2 years, 13 of 1301 infants (1%) were sensitized to cat allergen and 56 of 1492 infants (4%) had ever-wheezing without infection. Early exposure to second-hand cat allergen levels ≥ 1 µg/g dust increased substantially the risk for specific sensitization to Fel d 1 (OR 10.9, 95% CI 3.4–35.0) and ever-wheeze without infection (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.1–3.9) at age 2 years.Conclusions: Second-hand exposure to cat allergen in homes without cats is detrimental in terms of allergy development in infants.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 56 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: We aimed to determine the prevalence of contact sensitization in the general population and to investigate associations with important sociodemographic and medical characteristics. Methods: Within a population-based nested, case-control study in Germany, we performed patch tests with 25 standard allergens in 1141 adults (50.4% female, age median 50 years). Additional information was obtained by a dermatologic examination, a standardized interview, and blood analysis. Results: At least one positive reaction was exhibited by 40.0% of the subjects, with reactions most frequently observed to fragrance mix (15.9%), nickel (13.1%), thimerosal (4.7%), and balsam of Peru (3.8%). Women were sensitized more often than men (50.2%vs 29.9%, OR 2.36, CI 1.84–3.03), and this was also significant for fragrance mix, nickel, turpentine, cobalt chloride, and thimerosal. Contact sensitization was more frequent in subjects who reported adverse skin reactions (53.8% vs. 32.6%; OR 2.41, CI 1.85–3.14), and this was particularly true for sensitization to nickel (45.5%vs 8.8%, OR 8.64, CI 5.67–13.17) and fragrance mix (29.0%vs 14.0%, OR 2.51, CI 1.60–3.91) and the corresponding intolerance of fashion jewelry and fragrances. Contact sensitization decreased with increasing degree of occupational training (unskilled 45.9%, apprenticeship 40.1%, technical college 40.4%, and school of engineering 12.5%; P=0.023; trend test P=0.042). Significant associations of contact sensitization and presence of allergen-specific IgE antibodies, atopic eczema, or psoriasis were not observed. Frequency estimates for the general adult population based on these findings were 28.0% for overall contact sensitization and 11.4% for fragrance mix, 9.9% for nickel, and 3.2% for thimerosal. Conclusions: It is concluded that contact allergy is influenced by sociodemographic parameters and plays an important role in the general population.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Food allergy and food intolerance (FA/FI) are believed to be frequent medical problems; however, information from epidemiologic studies in adults is scarce. The objective was to determine the frequency of FA/FI and allergic sensitization to food in a large adult sample. Furthermore, the associations between FA/FI and other outcomes of atopy were studied. Methods: Within a population-based, nested, case-control study, a standardized interview was performed to obtain detailed information on FA/FI and the history of atopic diseases. In addition, a skin prick test with 10 common food and nine aeroallergens was performed. Results: Overall, 20.8% of the 1537 studied subjects (50.4% female, age median 50 years) reported FA/FI (women 27.5%, men 14.0%; OR 2.35, CI 1.80–3.08). Nuts, fruits, and milk most frequently led to adverse effects, and the sites of manifestation were oral (42.9%), skin (28.7%), gastrointestinal (13.0%), systemic (3.2%), and multiple (12.2%). One-quarter of the subjects (25.1%) were sensitized to at least one food allergen in the prick test, with hazelnut (17.8%), celery (14.6%), and peanut (11.1%) accounting for most of the positive reactions. The corresponding frequency estimates for the representative study base (n=4178) were 15.5% for reported adverse reactions and 16.8% for allergic sensitization. Relevant concomitant sensitization to food and aeroallergens was observed. Food-allergic subjects (positive history and sensitization to corresponding allergen) suffered significantly more often from urticaria, asthma, atopic eczema, and especially hay fever (73.1%) than controls (3.0%). Furthermore, hay fever was treated significantly more often in subjects who suffered from concomitant food allergy. Conclusions: FA/FI in adults is frequently reported and associated with other manifestations of atopy. Hay fever in conjunction with FA/FI tends to be clinically more severe since therapeutic needs are enhanced.
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