Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Type X collagen has so far not been reported to occur in human intervertebral discs. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate the occurrence of type X collagen in human lumbar intervertebral discs during ageing and degeneration. Ninety intervertebral discs with adjacent endplates were excised in toto from individuals (0–86 years) without known spinal disease and were processed for routine decalcified histology. Appropriate slices of each disc were processed for immunohistochemistry using a type-spec ific, monoclonal antibody raised against human type X collagen. Each intervertebral disc was examined for macroscopic and histomorphological features of disc degeneration. Immunohistochemically, a positive specific type X staining was observed in the hypertrophic zone of the growth plate and only in the interstitial matrix of juvenile (〈2 years) nucleus pulposus. In adult discs, type X collagen could be localized in conjunction with advanced disc degeneration and first occurred in the disc matrix (i.e., pericellular region) of a 47-year-old specimen. Positive type X staining of the disc matrix was more frequently found in senile (〉70 years) discs with end stages of disc degeneration. This study provides the first evidence for the occurrence of type X collagen in human lumbar intervertebral discs and it appears that type X collagen is re-expressed in late stages of disc degeneration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Keywords: Endometrium ; Normal ; Immunohistochemistry ; Immunofluorescence ; Inhibin/activin subunits ; Inhibin-alpha ; Inhibin-beta A ; Inhibin-beta B
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: AbstractInhibins are dimeric glycoproteins composed of an alpha (α) subunit and one of two possible beta (β-) subunits (βA or βB). The aims of this study were to assess the frequency and tissue distribution patterns of the inhibin subunits in normal human endometrium. Samples from human endometrium from proliferative phase (PP; n=32), early secretory phase (ES; n=10) and late secretory phase (LS; n=12) were obtained. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and a statistical analysis were performed. All three inhibin subunits were expressed by normal endometrium by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Inhibin-α was primarily detected in glandular epithelial cells, while inhibin-β subunits were additionally localised in stromal tissue. Inhibin-α staining reaction increased significantly between PP and ES (P〈0.05), PP and LS (P〈0.01), and ES and LS (P〈0.02). Inhibin-βA and -βB were significant higher in LS than PP (P〈0.05) and LS than ES (P〈0.05). All three inhibin subunits were expressed by human endometrium varying across the menstrual cycle. This suggests substantial functions in human implantation of inhibin-α subunit, while stromal expression of the β subunits could be important in the paracrine signalling for adequate endometrial maturation. The distinct expression in human endometrial tissue suggests a synthesis of inhibins into the lumen and a predominant secretion of activins into the stroma.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Key words Intervertebral disc ; Interstitial collagens ; Cartilage ; Nucleus pulposus ; Annulus fibrosus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We used complete transverse sections through 65 samples of human lumbar intervertebral discs for immunolocalization of the major interstitial collagen types I, II, III, V, VI and IX. The samples were selected from 47 patients ranging in age from 0 (fetuses) to 86 years. The results were compared with the histological findings in disc tissue degeneration and/or reparative alterations as indicated by tear and cleft formation, chondrocyte proliferation, mucous degeneration, granular matrix changes and fibrocartilage fibrillation. We observed a typical pattern for each antibody and each anatomical structure, with, however, remarkable inter- and intraindividual variability, which could be monitored only by use of the complete transverse sections. Accordingly, collagen I was seen in the normal annulus fibrosus and in the degeneratively altered nucleus pulposus, but not within the end-plate, regardless of degenerative changes. Collagens II and IX were found in the normal nucleus pulposus, the inner annulus fibrosus and the end-plate. The collagen II (and IX) staining seemed to be enhanced in areas of minor degenerative lesions, but reduced in advanced lesions and in the degenerated end-plate. Collagens III and VI were significantly increased in areas of minor to advanced degeneration in all anatomical settings, while collagen V showed only minor changes in its staining pattern. In general, histological signs of tissue degeneration coincided with significant quantitative, but also with certain qualitative, changes in the composition of the collagenous disc matrix. These observations indicate the association of degenerative and/or reparative alterations of the intervertebral disc and changes in the collagenous matrix, but document the variability in the extent of the abnormalities observed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Basement membrane ; Schwannoma ; Neurofibroma ; Malignant Schwannoma ; Collagen IV
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Immunohistochemical methods were used to analyse benign and malignant tumours of peripheral nerve tissue. We tested for the distribution of basement membrane (BM) components collagen IV, laminin, heparan sulphate proteoglycan, fibronectin, for S100 protein and for the presence of interstitial collagens III and V. Laminin was generally noted in association with Schwann cells, but collagen IV occurred with perineural cells. When tested for BM components, fibroblasts were notably non-reactive except for fibronectin. Three specific area-dependent BM patterns were observed in the benign tumours: (a) Schwann cell-like, in fascicular areas (Antoni A areas of schwannoma, central fibrous bundles of plexiform neurofibromas and central areas of cutaneous neurofibroma), (b) perineural cell-like (capsular structures of schwannoma) and (c) fibroblast-like (myxoid and fibrously transformed areas). Most malignant tissues showed a variably fragmentary focal deposition of laminin. Other BM components were present only in well-differentiated areas. Poorly differentiated tumours demonstrated fibronectin reactivity alone. Our results provide evidence that the specific staining pattern for BM components helps to differentiate the various cellular proliferations in neurogenic tumours. Schwann cells are not only distinguishable from perineural cells by S100 protein staining, but also by their specific BM staining. In additon, perineural cells can be separated from fibroblasts, which do not express BM material. The “tropism” of laminin in normal nerves and benign neural tumours — which persists in neurogenic sarcomas — indicates preferential Schwann cell differentiation in these cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-198X
    Keywords: Glomerular development ; Extracellular matrix ; Congenital nephrotic syndrome ; Diffuse mesangial sclerosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract While renal tissue from one fetus and a newborn with congenital nephrotic syndrome, Finnish type (FCNS), showed a normal basement membrane (BM) localization and composition, in another type of congenital nephrotic syndrome, diffuse mesangial sclerosis (DMS), most glomeruli demonstrated a completely disorganized matrix. In the latter, hyalinized glomerular segments were composed of irregular deposits of interstitial collagens I, III, V, and extensive deposits of heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSPG), while collagen IV and laminin were completely absent in those areas. Apart from these sclerosed glomerular areas, normal capillarly loops revealed a matrix composition that was comparable to normal glomeruli. The additional immunolocalization of various extracellular matrix components during the development of normal human glomeruli revealed some significant age-dependent changes both in the localization of interstitial collagens and BM components: interstitial collagens I and III disappeared after the first S-shaped indentations appeared, while the interstitial collagen V remained along the glomerular BM and within the mesangium. The BM components showed no significant qualitative changes, but quantitative changes, with a post-natal relative decrease in the collagen IV and laminin content when compared with the level of BM-associated HSPG. Our results provide circumstantial evidence that the composition of the extracellular matrix (and in particular of the BM) shows age-dependent quantitative changes which may be associated with functional adaptation processes of the developing kidney. The observed matrix composition in the two different congenital nephrotic syndromes suggests various pathomechanisms which may be located either in the molecular structure of the negatively charged molecules (e.g. abnormal sulphatation of HSPG in FCNS) or in the dysregulated synthesis of various matrix components (DMS).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...