Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary We have used DNA probes for the human insulin gene and apolipoprotein C-II (apo C-II) gene to determine the extent of allelic variation in different ethnic groups. The distribution of an apo C-II DNA polymorphism revealed by the restriction endonuclease Taq I showed no significant variation amongst racial groups; in contrast, an insulin gene-related DNA polymorphism showed marked variability. In Japanese, Chinese, and Asian Indian groups there was an increased frequency of homozygosity for the class 1 allele compared to Caucasian groups (P〈0.001, P〈0.01, and P〈0.05, respectively). In Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, and Asian Indian groups no class 2 allele was observed; but in the Negroid populations (African and West Indian) the class 2 allele frequencies were 0.23 and 0.25 respectively. Possible reasons for this variation in allele distribution are considered in relation to disease associations.
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