Proliferative potential Bromodeoxyuridine
Nucleolar organizer region
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract To investigate intratumoral differences in indices of tumor cell proliferation, we measured the bromodeoxyuridine labeling index (BrdUrd LI), the Ki-67 protein proliferating cell indices (PCIs) determined by monoclonal antibody MIB 1 in microwave-processed paraffin sections (MIB 1 PCI) and in some cases by monoclonal antibody in frozen sections (Ki-67 PCI), and counts of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in 20 glioblastomas. In the most actively proliferating areas, MIB 1 and Ki-67 PCIs correlated well with the BrdUrd LI and with each other, while AgNOR counts correlated less strongly with these indices. In less active areas, the MIB 1 PCI and BrdUrd LI changed concomitantly from one area to another within a tumor except in areas of pseudopalisading with necrosis; in these areas the BrdUrd LI decreased significantly compared with neighboring tumor tissue, while the MIB 1 PCI did not. There was very little staining of gemistocytic nuclei with either anti-BrdUrd or MIB 1 monoclonal antibodies; this supports the concept that gemistocytes are mainly quiescent cells. AgNORs in all of the above-mentioned areas varied from tumor to tumor, which suggests that they may indicate some cellular activity other than proliferation. The close correlation between the BrdUrd LI and Ki-67 protein PCIs in corresponding regions of glioblastomas suggests that MIB 1 staining of microwave-processed paraffin sections can be used to evaluate the growth potential of individual glioblastomas and possibly of other gliomas as well.
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