Key words Lycopersicon esculentum
Abscission, jointless-2 (j-2)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Abscission zones are specialized regions in plants, usually located at the base of most plant parts, such as flowers, fruit and leaves, where organs are shed. Although a great deal of information is known about the physiological and biochemical events that lead to organ shedding, very little is known of the molecular events that lead to the formation of the abscission zone itself. In tomato, two recessive mutations have been discovered that completely suppress the formation of flower and fruit pedicel abscission zones, i.e., jointless (j) and jointless-2 (j-2), both tentatively localized to chromosome 11 about 30 cM apart. Because the study of the control of abscission zone development is important for both basic and applied research we are using a map-based cloning approach to identify the jointless genes. The first step in any positional cloning experiment is to establish segregating mapping populations for the target gene and identify closely linked molecular markers that flank the locus. In this study, bulked segregant analysis was used to identify a RAPD marker associated with the j-2 locus, RPD140. To determine the chromosome location of RPD140, we converted it to an RFLP marker that was then mapped on the Cornell reference tomato map in a marker-dense region of chromosome 12. To verify that the j-2 locus was located on tomato chromosome 12, we used nine chromosome 12 RFLP markers linked with RPD140 to map the j-2 gene in an interspecific F2 mapping population of 151 plants segregating for j-2. The j-2 gene was localized to a 3.0-cM interval between RPD140 and TG618 on tomato chromosome 12.
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