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  • 1
    Keywords: Germany ; COMMON ; CT ; DIAGNOSIS ; FOLLOW-UP ; imaging ; DISEASE ; MORTALITY ; NEW-YORK ; ACCURACY ; computed tomography ; NUCLEAR-MEDICINE ; PATIENT ; REPAIR ; EFFICIENT ; tomography ; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY ; sensitivity ; specificity ; CT ANGIOGRAPHY ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; ARTERY ; nuclear medicine ; DISSECTION ; radiology ; HIGH-RESOLUTION ; THORACIC AORTA ; MORBIDITY ; PRINCIPLES ; NUCLEAR ; USA ; aneurysm ; Aorta ; MEDICINE ; NOV ; medical imaging ; ANEURYSMS ; German ; aortic dissection ; aortic disease ; INTRAMURAL HEMATOMA ; MULTIDETECTOR-ROW CT ; multisclice computed tomography (MSCT)
    Abstract: Aortic disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality and thus require an efficient and accurate diagnostic approach, especially in the acute setting. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with the option of high-resolution CT angiography (CTA) has emerged as the standard of reference in diagnosis and follow-up of patients with acquired aortic disease. Aortic dissection is the most common aortic emergency, but it remains undiscovered in up to 38% of cases. Sensitivity and specificity of MSCT in the assessment of aortic dissection are greater than 99%. The sensitivity of CT in the detection of inflammatory changes is 83%; its specificity is almost 100%; and its diagnostic accuracy is ca. 94%. This article outlines state-of-the-art principles in diagnostic CT imaging of acquired aortic disease
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17938873
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  • 2
    Abstract: To compare the image quality of dynamic lung MRI with variations of steady-state free-precession (SSFP) and gradient echo (GRE) cine techniques at 1.5 T and 3 T. Ventilated porcine lungs with simulated lesions inside a chest phantom and four healthy human subjects were assessed with SSFP (TR/TE = 2.9/1.22 ms; 3 ima/s) and GRE sequences (TR/TE = 2.34/0.96 ms; 8 ima/s) as baseline at 1.5 and 3 T. Modified SSFPs were performed with nine to ten images/s (parallel imaging factors 2 and 3). Image quality for representative structures and artifacts was ranked by three observers independently. At 1.5 T, standard SSFP achieved the best image quality with superior spatial resolution and signal, but equal temporal resolution to GRE. SSFP with improved temporal resolution was ranked second best. Further acceleration (PI factor 3) was of no benefit, but increased artifacts. At 3 T, GRE outranged SSFP imaging with high lesion signal intensity, while artifacts on SSFP images increased visibly. At 1.5 T, a modified SSFP with moderate parallel imaging (PI factor 2) was considered the best compromise of temporal and spatial resolution. At 3 T, GRE sequences remain the best choice for dynamic lung MRI
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18777025
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2102
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter Zerebrovaskuläre Erkrankung ; Arteriosklerose ; Magnetresonanztomographie ; Magnetresonanzangiographie ; Digitale Subtraktionsangiographie ; A. carotis ; Keywords Cerebrovascular disease ; Arteriosclerosis ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Magnetic resonance angiography ; Digital subtraction angiography ; Carotid artery
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Abstract Purpose. To compare high resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the assessment of supraaortic vessel stenosis. Methods. 14 patients with suspicion of cerebrovascular disease or upper limb ischemia underwent selective DSA and high resolution contrast enhanced MRA employing a new Panoramic-Array coil. Stenosis assessment in comparison to DSA followed NASCET criteria. Additionally signal-/noise ratios (SNR) were evaluated to assess contrast enhancement. Results. Diagnostic image quality was achieved in all patients. Sensitivity and specificity for assessing high-grade stenosis of the supraaortic vessels were 100% and 96% respectively. In the assessment of high-grade common or internal carotid artery stenosis sensitivity and specificity was 100%. Conclusion. High resolution contrast enhanced supraaortic MRA combined with new coil sytems allow for a reliable assessment of stenoses along the whole vessel course including the aortic arch. Previous stent procedures limit its use in post-interventional follow-up.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Fragestellung. Ziel der Studie war ein Vergleich zwischen hochauflösender kontrastverstärkter MR-Angiographie (MRA) und digitaler Subtraktionsangiographie (DSA) in der Diagnostik von Stenosen der supraaortalen Gefäße. Methoden. 14 Patienten mit Verdacht auf eine zerebrovaskuläre Erkrankung oder Durchblutungsstörung der oberen Extremität wurden mit DSA und hochaufgelöster, kontrastverstärkter MR-Angiographie mit Verwendung einer Panoramic-Array-Spule untersucht. Neben der Beurteilung der Kontrastierung erfolgte die Bestimmung der Stenosegrade im Vergleich zur selektiven DSA nach den NASCET-Kriterien. Ergebnisse. Bei allen Patienten konnte mit der MRA eine diagnostisch ausreichende Bildqualität erzielt werden. In der Diagnostik hochgradiger Stenosen der supraaortalen Gefäße ergab sich eine Sensitivität von 100% und eine Spezifität von 96%. In der Erkennung hochgradiger Stenosen der A. carotis communis oder interna lagen Sensitivität und Spezifität bei 100%. Schlussfolgerung. Die ultraschnelle MRA der supraaortalen Gefäße in Kombination mit einer geeigneten Spulenkombination ermöglicht die zuverlässige Erkennung stenotischer Veränderungen im gesamten Gefäßverlauf einschließlich des Aortenbogens. Stentimplanationen limitieren derzeit den Einsatz in der postinterventionellen Kontrolle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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