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  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; carcinoma ; CELL ; human ; COMMON ; COHORT ; EPIDEMIOLOGY ; HISTORY ; POPULATION ; RISK ; PROTEINS ; TIME ; DNA ; INFECTION ; RISK-FACTORS ; ANTIGEN ; SKIN ; papillomavirus ; ASSOCIATION ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; antibodies ; antibody ; AGE ; WOMEN ; MEN ; RISK FACTOR ; human papillomavirus ; VIRUS-LIKE PARTICLES ; HPV ; HUMAN-PAPILLOMAVIRUS ; POPULATIONS ; case-control studies ; squamous cell carcinoma ; L1 ; PREVALENCE ; glutathione-S-transferase ; SERUM ; CELL CARCINOMA ; case control study ; case-control study ; RECIPIENTS ; HPV 16 ; TECHNOLOGY ; ACTINIC KERATOSES ; NONMELANOMA SKIN-CANCER ; HISTOLOGY ; USA ; UNIT ; RISK-FACTOR ; SQUAMOUS-CELL ; IMMUNOCOMPETENT INDIVIDUALS ; serology ; SEROPREVALENCE ; cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) ; HPV types ; human papillomavirus (HPV) ; Genital warts ; CONFIDENCE ; organ transplant recipients ; SCC
    Abstract: A case-control study was conducted in 140 people with histology proven cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 454 controls, nested within 2 cohorts of organ transplant recipients (OTR) recruited in London and Oxford between 2002 and 2006. All participants had a skin examination, completed a questionnaire and had serum tested for antibodies against the L1 antigen of 34 HPV types using Luminex technology. SCC was more common in men than women (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-2.8, p = 0.02) and in people with susceptibility to burn easily (OR = 3.0, 95%CI: 1.9-4.8; p 〈 0.001). The risk increased with increasing age (p-trend 〈 0.001), increasing time since transplant (p-trend 〈 0.001), increasing self-reported number of sunburns as a child (p(trend) 〈 0.001) and with the presence of viral warts (p 〈 0.001). As expected, antibodies against HPV 16 were associated with a self-reported history of an abnormal cervical smear among women (OR 5.1, 95%CI: 2.6-10.2) and antibodies against HPV 6 were associated with a self-reported history of genital warts (OR 4.0, 95%CI: 2.2-7.2). However, no clear associations between any of the HPV types examined (including cutaneous betaHPVs) and SCC were identified. For example, the seroprevalence of HPV 5 was 15% among cases and 9% among controls (p = 0.09) and the seroprevalence of HPV 8 was 23% among cases and 21% among controls (p = 0.6). Nor was seropositivity to multiple types associated with SCC. These serological data do not provide evidence for a role for HPV in the aetiology of cutaneous SCC among OTR in two UK-based populations. (C) 2009 UICC
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19588489
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  • 2
    Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Despite intensive study of high-risk mucosal human papillomaviruses (HPV), little is known of the epidemiology of cutaneous HPV. As part of a study of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and HPV among organ transplant recipients (OTR) from London and Oxford, we investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors for 34 HPV types (detected using Luminex technology) among 425 Caucasian OTR without skin cancer. RESULTS: Overall, 86% of participants were seropositive to at least one HPV: 41% to mucosal alpha types, 33% to cutaneous alpha types, 57% to alpha types, 56% to beta, 47% to gamma types and 45% to other types (nu, mu, HPV101 and 103). In both centres, the most common types were HPV6 (33% and 26% for London and Oxford respectively), HPV8 (24% and 18%), HPV15 (26% and 29%), HPV17 (25% and 21%), HPV38 (23% and 21%), HPV49 (19% and 21%), HPV4 (27% and 23%), HPV65 (30% and 25%), HPV95 (22% and 20%), HPV1 (33% and 24%) and HPV63 (28% and 17%). The seroprevalence of 8 HPV types differed significantly (P 〈 0.05) between London and Oxford. Those individuals seropositive to multiple types of one genus were more likely to be seroreactive to multiple types of another genus. As expected, antibodies against mucosal alphaHPV types were more frequent in younger patients and among women. Sunbed use and sunbathing was associated with seropositivity to multiple gammaHPV (P-trend = 0.007) and self-history of abnormal smear was related to seroactivity to multiple betaHPV (P = 0.01). Skin type and other self reported markers of exposure to ultraviolet radiation were not consistently associated with any HPV types. No other distinguishing epidemiological features of transplant recipients with antibodies against single or multiple HPV types were identified. CONCLUSION: Findings for mucosal HPV types were in line with results from previous studies. We observed differences in HPV seroprevalence between organ transplant recipients from two geographically close centres but no clear risk factor was found associated with cutaneous HPV seropositivity among organ transplant recipients. These findings have implications for interpretation of future seroepidemiology studies addressing the association between HPV and cutaneous SCC in OTR populations.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19751499
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; POPULATION ; RISK ; INFECTION ; RISK-FACTORS ; SKIN ; ASSOCIATION ; antibody ; MALIGNANCIES ; AGE ; risk factors ; skin cancer ; RISK FACTOR ; HUMAN-PAPILLOMAVIRUS DNA ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA ; PREVALENCE ; human papilloma virus ; SUNLIGHT ; glutathione-S-transferase ; HPV INFECTION ; IMMUNOCOMPETENT INDIVIDUALS ; GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTORS ; KERATOSES ; renal transplant recipients ; seborrhoeic warts
    Abstract: Background Renal transplant recipients (RTR) have a well recognized increased risk of cutaneous malignancy. A clinical observation that RTR with skin cancer often had multiple seborrhoeic warts prompted an investigation in RTR into the relationship between seborrhoeic warts and skin cancer and an exploration into potential risk factors for seborrhoeic warts in this population, including infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Methods This was a case control study involving 308 RTR. Clinical examinations identified seborrhoeic warts. Histological records reviewed to look for evidence of prior cutaneous malignancy. Seroprevalence of antibodies to 34 different HPV types tested using multiplex serology. Odds ratios (OR) calculated using unconditional logistic regression analysis to look for associations between skin cancer, HPV infection and seborrhoeic warts, controlling for potential confounding factors of gender, age and time since transplantation. Results Seborrhoeic warts were associated with non-melanoma skin cancer [OR = 3.7; 95% confidence intervals (CI) ranging from 1.6-8.9; P = 0.002] when confounding factors of gender, age and time since transplantation were controlled for. There was also an association between seborrhoeic warts and viral warts (OR = 3.0, CI: 1.6-5.4; P 〈 0.0001), but no association between seborrhoeic warts and infection with single or multiple HPV types. Conclusions Seborrhoeic warts are associated with cutaneous malignancy, but not with any of the HPV types tested. The reasons for this association are unclear. RTR with multiple seborrhoeic warts may require more regular cutaneous examination to monitor for early signs of skin cancer
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aberrant expression of class 11 products of the major histocompatibility complex (HLA-D locus antigens) occurs on keratinocytes in several inflammatory dermatoses and on thyroid epithelial cells in autoimmune thyroiditis. The functional significance of aberrant HLA-D expression is unclear but it has been hypothesized that epithelial cells bearing these determinants may act as antigen-presenting cells for autoantigens. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid using immunohistotochemical methods to determine whether the HIA-D locus antigens are aberrantly expressed on keratinocytes in lesional and uninvolved skin. A panel of monoclonal antibodies to each of the HLA-D subregions (DR, DP and DQ) and to Langerhans cells was used. Epidermat expression of the HLA-D locus antigens was similar in patients and controls, and there was no significant increase in expression in lesional skin compared with uninvolved skin in six out of nine patients. In three out of nine patients slight enhancement of epidermal HLA-D expression in lesional epidermis corresponded to increased Langerhans cells rather than expression on keratinocytes. HLAD locus antigens are absent from keratinocytes in bullous pemphigoid skin and aberrant expression of these determinants cannot therefore be implicated in antigen presentation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 123 (1990), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In a case control study, the incidence of malignant disease in 84 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) was compared with 168 controls. The rate of malignant disease (past, concurrent or during follow-up) in BP patients was 17.9% compared to 5.3% in the controls. A number of the malignancies occurring in the BP group may be of doubtful significance, being either temporally very remote or partially attributable to treatment. The rate of concurrent BP and malignancy (within 8 weeks) was 6.0% suggesting that there is probably a slight excess of malignancy in BP, but insufficient to warrant extensive investigation in pursuit of cancer. Comparison of the BP patients with and without cancer identified no clinical or immunopathological subgroups in whom investigations would be indicated. Three patients with both BP and malignancy were HLA-DR 13 positive, which may point to an immunogenetic predisposition to both diseases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 121 (1989), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The prevalence and clinical significance of subepithelial immunoglobulin and complement deposition (the lupus band) were examined in the uninvolved sun-protected skin of the forearm, the uninvolved sun-protected lip mucosa and sun-protected bulbar conjunctival mucosa in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE). In SLE, linear deposition of an immunoreactant at the BMZ was detected in 32% (6/19) of skin biopsies; 21% (4/19) of lip mucosal biopsies and 42% (5/12) of conjunctival biopsies. There was no significant difference in the sensitivity of the test at different sites in SLE and no correlation between a positive test in skin, lip or conjunctiva and clinical mucosal involvement. In CCLE, linear deposition of an immunoreactant at the BMZ was found in 3% (1/32) of skin biopsies; 3% (1/29) of lip mucosal biopsies and 50% (10/20) of conjunctival biopsies. There was no correlation between a positive test in skin, lip or conjunctiva and clinical mucosal involvement. In the conjunctiva, IgG was present in all but one of the biopsies and was the only immunoreactant in 90% (9/10) of positive CCLE biopsies and 60% (3/5) of positive SLE biopsies. In lupus erythematosus immunoreactants may be deposited in the basement membrane zone beneath non-keratinizing mucosal surfaces of the lip and the eye as well as the skin. In CCLE, the test may be positive in conjunctiva when skin and lip are negative.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The location of in vivo bound immunoreactants was studied in 37 patients with subepidermal blistering diseases by direct immunofluorescence (IMF) on suction blisters taken from uninvolved forearm skin. The patients studied included 18 with bullous pemphigoid (BP), nine with cicatricial pemphigoid (CP), three with acquired epidermolysis bullosa (EBA) and 7 hybrid cases. The patterns of IMF in the suction blisters were: BP, epidermal 1, dermal 1, combined 4, negative 12; CP, epidermal 1, dermal 2, negative 6; EBA, dermal 2, negative 1; and ‘hybrid’ patients, epidermal 3, negative 4. The different patterns of suction blister staining could not be correlated with the clinical features of the patients in respect of mucous membrane involvement, scars or milia or a history of skin fragility. Both BP and CP are probably heterogeneous in respect of their antigen specificity, and the two diseases cannot reliably be distinguished by the patterns of direct IMF on suction blisters. In additon, some individual patients with BP have more than one target antigen as indicated by a combined pattern of suction blister fluorescence. The lack of correlation between the pattern of suction blister fluorescence and the clinical features suggests that factors other than antigen specificity determine the clinical expression of subepidermal blistering diseases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The sera from two patients with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita were blotted against dermal extracts in comparison with the mouse monoclonal antibody LH 7.2. This antibody reacts with carboxy terminal region of type VII collagen. The epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antisera showed binding to the same molecular weight protein as LH 7.2 confirming that the target antigen for epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antibodies is the carboxy terminal region of type VII collagen. This newly described collagen forms the major component of anchoring fibrils. These findings are consistent with established ultrastructural data which have shown that the epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antigen is located within and below the lamina densa. The monoclonal antibody LH 7.2 provides an internal standard for epidermolysis bullosa acquisita autoantisera activity. The use of immunoblotting of epidermolysis bullosa autoantisera in comparison with the monoclonal antibody LH 7.2 provides definitive investigation for the diagnosis of this disorder.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The conjunctiva was examined by slit lamp microscopy and biopsy for direct immunofluorescence (IF) in patients with cicatricial pemphigoid (CP), bullous pemphigoid (BP), pemphigoid gestationes (PG), linear IgA dermatosis (LAD), pemphigus and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH).In CP, five of 13 patients had definite scarring, seven equivocal, and one no signs. IF showed linear deposition of IgG and/or C3 along the BMZ in 45%.In BP, six of 18 patients had fine conjunctival scarring. IF showed linear IgG IgA and/or C3 in 73 %. Scarring was not observed in one PG patient.In LAD, three of seven patients had conjunctival scarring, one with marked symblepharon. IF in five patients showed linear IgG without IgA in three.In pemphigus, neither of two patients had scarring. IF in both showed IgG and/or C3 between epithelial cells.In DH, one of three patients had fine scarring.These findings demonstrate that conjunctival involvement may occur in autoimmune bullous dermatoses other than CP and LAD.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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