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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background : Long-term effect of YMDD mutations on liver histology in Chinese hepatitis B patients is unknown.Aim : To examine the effect of prolonged lamivudine treatment on liver histology in Chinese patients with and without YMDD mutations.Methods : Liver histology was assessed in 85 patients on long-term lamivudine at baseline and year 1, and at year 3 for 25 patients.Results : Comparing patients with and without YMDD mutations at year 1, the former had higher baseline median necroinflammatory (11 vs. six respectively, P = 0.014) and fibrosis scores (three vs. one respectively, P = 0.001). The proportion of patients with improvement in necroinflammation and worsening of fibrosis was comparable for patients with and without YMDD mutations at year 1 (57.1%, 14.3% vs. 55%, 15% respectively) and year 3 (57.9%, 26.3% vs. 50%, 16.7% respectively). Comparing the histology at year 1 and 3, more patients with YMDD mutations developing after year 1 had worsening of necroinflammation than patients with persistent YMDD wild type (53.8% vs. 25% respectively).Conclusions : Patients who developed YMDD mutations had higher baseline histological scores. With YMDD mutations, the liver histology became less favourable after 3 years than at the first year, although there was still improvement when compared with that at baseline.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1476-5535
    Keywords: Keywords: hEGF; plasmid pSLT; ytl2-incR stabilization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A plasmid stabilization system, active in high copy-number plasmids, was cloned from the large resident plasmid, pSLT, of Salmonella typhimurium. The ytl2 gene, together with a 249-bp region (termed incR) downstream of the gene, imparted 〉104-fold stability to a pBR322-based plasmid. The ytl2-incR region was then used to stabilize a recombinant plasmid carrying the human epidermal growth factor gene (with the Escherichia coli K-12 ompA signal sequence), behind the lacUV5 promoter. In shake flask tests to optimize expression of human epidermal growth factor, loss of recombinant plasmid was 〈1% when growth (both before and after induction with isopropyl-β-d-galactopyranoside) took place even in the absence of antibiotic selection, and the specific activity of secreted human epidermal growth factor was ca 20 μg per 108 cells at harvest, compared to a figure of ca 3 μg per 108 cells when a comparable plasmid, but devoid of the ytl2-incR region, was employed, as outgrowth of plasmid-free cells after induction severely compromised the specific activity of the secreted product.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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